My personal nursing philosophy holds that nurses should endeavor to provide equal and humane treatment to all patients regardless of conflicts between their dispositional inclinations (attitudes and beliefs) and those of the patient.
The Adaptation Model of nursing advanced by…
The primary purpose of the interaction between humans and the environment is adaptation. Humans’ exposure to stressors (stimuli within the environment) triggers the development of coping mechanisms, which enable them to adapt to the changing environment. Each individual has two major subsystems; the regulator and cognator internal processing subsystems, which help them, cope with stimuli from both the external and internal environment. The regulator subsystem functions through the autonomic nervous system (perception and neural pathways, endocrine system) whereby the mechanism prepares individuals for dealing with environmental stimuli. On the other hand, the cognator mechanism comprises of perceptual/information processing, emotions, judgment and learning. The process of perception bridges or connects the two mechanisms. Roy asserts that nursing’s primary goal is to facilitate a patient’s development of health, which she defined as the process of becoming and being a whole and integrated person (Roy, 1980).
Fundamental to all human beings, is their need to cling to their concept of a Higher Power. For some, acknowledging the existence of an existential being that possesses supernatural powers, which one cannot research quantitatively or qualitatively defines their conceptualization of God (Higher Power). Conversely, others negate the existence of a God, as they instead chose to focus on universal moral principles, which are not culture specific and promote equal and humane treatment of all; for example, they believe that it is wrong to kill or steal as it compromises another person’s quality of life. My personal nursing philosophy is primarily centered on acknowledging the existence of cultural diversity. Cultural diversity influences the differences in individual’s conceptualization of God. As such, it is crucial for nursing professionals to respect each patient’s ...
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Over the years, there has been debate as to whether nursing is a profession, or not; indeed, nursing has over the years advanced in its practices and academically. Today, nursing is offered at masters and doctoral level. Needless to say, for nursing to be effective, there must be effective and visible evidence on how nursing care impacts on patients.
The American Nurses Association definition of nursing (2004, p. 7) as “Protection, promoting, and Abilities, prevention of illnesses and injury, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities, and populations” clearly describes what nursing entails.
The author explains that depending on its function it can be divided into four namely, descripted, explanatory, predictive and perspective. Based on generalisability of their principles they are divided into Meta theory and grand theory. Middle range theory and practice theory are the third one based on the principles of the discipline.
In 1965, the American Nurses Association stated that theory development was one of the most significant goals for the profession. As a result, nursing theory became the framework for structuring many nurse training programmes, leading to the unwelcome possibility that theory would be synonymous with education rather than practice.
This paper is a discussion of Sister Callista Roy and John Broadus Watson. More specifically the discussion examines their nursing theories and the applicability and relevancy to nursing. The two had many of the same views and tenets about nursing and this paper will present a discussion of both including a comparison and contrast of their nursing theories.
Consciousness is described as a unitary pattern of data that is inclusive related to the wholeness of the universe and that supply an unlimited repertoire of possible action and infinite capacity to love (Picard & Jones, 2005).
This theory finds its
The education for nurses also moved into the college and university setting, allowing for greater personal development through degreed programs. Additionally, nursing theories were developed in regards to how a patient was observed and interviewed, taking in a more
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