Jean Watson's Theory of Caring

Jean Watson
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Jean Watson's Theory of Caring Jean Watson's Theory of Caring Jean Watson’s theory of caring is one of the most important nursing theories evolved out during the latter part of twentieth century. It was actually developed in its full shape in 1979 after a lengthy period of studies and researches.


“J. Watson's caring theory addresses caring relationships among humans and the deep experiences of life itself. Caring is a universal phenomenon, which is likely to be perceived differently by patients and nurses if they come from different cultural backgrounds” (Suliman et al., 2009, p.293). It should be noted that in many of the hospitals in America and in European countries, foreigners are working in the nursing profession. This is because of the manpower shortages in these countries. Thus, it is quite possible that in America like countries both the patients and the nurses could be from different cultures. Even though caring has only one meaning in all the cultures, it can be perceived differently by people from different cultures. In other words, the needs of an American patient and that of an Indian patient suffering from same disease could be different. In America, patients expect lot more from the nurses. It is the duty of the nurses to rise to the occasion and live up to the expectations of each patient. Watson’s caring theory provides insights about the concepts of caring. “According to Watson, this theory is an attempt to find and deepen the language specific to nurse caring relations and its many meanings” (Rosenberg, 2006, p.53) The origin of this theory can be found in human science and metaphysics. ...
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