Quantitative research can be defined as a method of systematic experimental inquiry of social phenomena with statistical, mathematical or other graphical techniques. Furthermore, the prime objective of quantitative research is to generate and to utilize mathematical models, hypothesis and theories among others to appropriately derive accurate findings related to any phenomenon (Sukamolson, 2005). The paper intends to discuss and to differentiate between qualitative and quantitative research. The differences of the research methods will be recognized through the types of questions and methods used in these research methods. A review of pertinent literatures will be conducted to comprehend the prevailing distinctiveness between the two research methods. Furthermore, the paper also includes analysis of the differences between qualitative and quantitative research methods in terms of certain factors such as selection procedure of samples, data collection methods and data management along with data analysis as well as instrument and purpose. The aspect of requirement of any kind of training of the researcher to properly execute the assessment process through quantitative and qualitative research has also been highlighted. The paper takes into consideration the aspect that how these two research methods are used in nursing. Types of Questions Question is a form of query statement which helps to elicit certain reply from the respondent. In relation to the aspect, it can be recognized that question is used by every person in their livelihood for expanding knowledge or to help others to expand their understanding (Skow, 2010). With reference to the context of qualitative and quantitative research, researchers generally prefer to use certain forms of questions in order to collect information for their research. Moreover, the questions in qualitative research are often based upon the present scenarios or trends. Generally, the questions of qualitative research are identified when they emphasize more on individual’s perception and thought. Similarly, those questions which help to gather in-depth knowledge upon certain problems are also considered under qualitative research questions. Additionally, the questions of qualitative research are formulated with the help of why and how statements (Creswell, 2008). Examples of qualitative research questions can be: why the circumstances occurred? And how did this happen? Quantitative research questions are those questions which are based upon present and future aspects. The quantitative research question is identified by its nature because it prevails the upcoming facts or consequences of the undertaken problem which means it essentially comprises predictive type of questions. Moreover, the questions of this research are those questions which reveal the relationships and comparatives (Nenty, 2009). Examples of quantitative research questions can be: Do you agree to the fact? Which aspect you like? Types of Methodology Methods in research can be stated as the systematic process of collecting and analyzing the data along with interacting with the respondents. Moreover, qualitative research methodology can be classified as the process of collec
Qualitative vs Quantitative Research Table of Contents Types of Questions 4 Types of Methodology 5 Review of Literature 5 Descriptions/Selections of Samples 7 Data Collection Methods 8 Data Management 8 Data Analysis 9 Instrumentation 10 Purpose 10 Training of Researcher 11 Use in Nursing 12 Conclusion 13 References 14 Introduction Qualitative and quantitative researches are the two types of research methods used in research methodology for evaluating specified problems…
The basic aim of a qualitative research is to provide an in-depth understanding of all issues related to the topic to the reader instead of just providing an overview or a general idea of the research. Qualitative form of research is more concerned with the social and behavioral aspects of the issues.
These questions are: 1. Is the research meant to explain what is happening? 2. Is the research meant to find out the reason why something is happening? If the research has the intention to answer the first question, it is a quantitative research. Consequently, if the second question is being answered, it becomes a qualitative research.
However there is a third approach known as the mixed method study that combines the approaches of both qualitative and quantitative approaches. Quantitative research is sometimes termed as positivist or empiricist approach that entails the systematic investigation of different phenomena through the use of statistical and computational techniques (Bockmon & Rieman 1987)..
Purpose The article in the American Journal on Health focuses on a purpose which is to form an approach which is human right-based that pertains to maternal mortality and morbidity. The outlining of this research purpose is helpful to the learner since it acts as a guide as to the expectation of the reading.
The study was conducted in a Teaching Hospital located in United Kingdom where 160 outpatients who met the DSM-IV criteria for the diagnosis with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder were recruited for the survey. Patients who were currently unstable, using psychotropic drugs and did not understand English were excluded from the study.
The two major types of research are quantitative and qualitative research studies. The former relates to numerical and measurable aspects whereas the latter is concerned with quality and abstract elements. This assignment thus focuses on analyzing the articles based on criteria such as their study purpose, literature review, study design, data collection, “operational definitions, methodology, data analysis/ results,” sampling and so on, in order to determine if the articles are effective examples of quantitative and qualitative research studies (Coughian et al., 2007.
The methodology used by the researcher appropriately distinguishes the course of an initially hypothetical study into fruition through a comprehensive understanding of the goal of the research which correlates to the results. The choice between using quantitative and qualitative instruments in scientific research had been historically lenient to a quantitative process rather than a qualitative measurement.
However, it is now more widely used in other fields to provide an in-depth understanding of how human beings behave and the reasons to justify that behavior. Qualitative research answers questions in the form of ‘how’ and ‘why?’ while
For instance, Dingley (2012) argues that substance abuse does not always lead to addiction. He points out that many tribal societies use hallucinogens in ceremonies, yet never become addicted to these substances. Dingley