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Literature review sample - Adult obesity: A literature review on the contributory factors and consequences
Pages 9 (2259 words)
Adult obesity: A literature review on the contributory factors and consequences
Obesity is one of the most important issues of the society in the present age (Ford and Mokdad, 2008, p. 51). …
Obesity is the name of a condition that causes an individual to have abnormally unhealthy and high content of body fat. A positive balance of energy in which the intake of energy is more than its expenditure, sustained over a long period of time causes obesity (World Health Organization, 2000). Obesity is conventionally measured with a scale called body mass index (BMI), which is square of the ratio of weight in kilograms and height in meters of an individual (National Cancer Institute, 2012, p. 1). Obesity has seriously affected the health of people all across the world in general and in the US in particular (Allender et al., 2006). “An epidemic of overweight and obesity in the United States has had profound effects on the health of the general population, with consequent development of metabolic syndrome and related morbidity and mortality” (Megna et al., 2011, p. 131). The population of obese people in the US has more than doubled in the years from 1980 to 2004, with the percentage of obese people in the US in 1980 being 15 per cent and that in 2004 being 32 per cent (Yaniv, Rosin, and Tobol, n.d., p. 1). The technological advancement has played an important role in increasing people’s tendency to become obese. ...
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