Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is defined as mucosal damage and symptoms produced after the abnormal reflux of the content of gastric into the esophagus and beyond into the oral cavity (Kahrilas, 2012). It can be either classified as non-erosive reflux disease of the…
The high prevalence GERD in combination with the relatively high cost of medication of acid lowering medication leads to a significant socioeconomic burden to the patient.
The symptoms are classified into typical, atypical, and esophageal symptoms. The typical symptoms are the heartburns and regurgitation of acid which have low sensitivity but high specificity for GERD. The atypical symptoms are epigastric pain, nausea, dyspepsia, belching and bloating though they may overlap with other diagnosis of other diseases such as peptic ulcer disease, gastritis, achalasia, gastroparesis and dyspepsia. Lastly, there are the extraesophageal symptoms which include chronic cough, laryngitis, asthma, and dental erosion. It is important for the physician to take into consideration of behavioral and physical factors when making decision about the management of the disease for the patient with symptoms of persistent reflux (Kahrilas, 2012).
The following lifestyle habits may lead to GERD and increase its risk. Theses includes obesity, smoking, exercising or strenuous activities immediately after eating, Lying down staring or bending over after eating. In addition, the consumption of the following beverages may lead to the increased risk of GERD; namely, excessive consumption of alcohol, products that are caffeinated, citrus fruits, chocolate, fried foods, foods made with tomatoes such as chili, spaghetti sauce, and pizza and finally the spicy foods. Eating a heavy meal and then lie on the back or bend over from the waist. The respiratory disease may also be a risk factor of GERD. Finally, the hormone replacement therapy may lead to high risk of GERD as it may occur in the postmenopausal women. The risk increases with the larger doses of estrogen and longer duration of the therapy. Pregnant women are also vulnerable to GERD in their third trimesteras the growing uterus exerts ...
Cite this document
(“GASTROESOPHAGEAL Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/nursing/738518-gastroesophageal
(GASTROESOPHAGEAL Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
“GASTROESOPHAGEAL Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/nursing/738518-gastroesophageal.
GERD treatment includes measures that are conservative (diet handling), pharmaceutical rehabilitation (for example, prokinetic or motility agents, histamine H2 antagonists, proton pump inhibitors [PPIs]), and fundoplication. Pediatrics (the medical career concerned with infants and children’s health care) recently faces numerous GERD and chronic cough related complications in their patients.
Aspiration of gastric contents leads to a pathological process referred to as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Patients experience gastrointestinal and respiratory complications, which develop to diseases like esophageal cancer when left untreated.
the upper esophageal sphincter (UES), which consists of skeletal muscle, and the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), which consists of smooth muscle. The upper esophageal sphincter regulates the movement of food from the pharynx into the esophagus; the lower esophageal sphincter regulates the movement of food from the esophagus into the stomach.
It is in this regard that this essay aims to present the properties of caffeine and the chemicals used on coffee beans. In addition, the essay would determine the effects of these substances on the body. Finally, specific
Accepting the loss is one of the best things you can do but do not ignore the grief. Good care need to be given to the elderly so that they can take responsibility of their own health.
It looks quite grotesque as an
Acetylcholine acts on parietal cells directly and is regulated by intramucosal reflexes and vagal nerve stimulation. As mentioned above, gastrin and histamine are two other factors involved in gastric acid production and these along with acetylcholine act on
Symptoms of the disease include regurgitation and heartburn; other symptoms may be pain during swallowing, stomach pain and choking sensation.
The Pathophysiology of GERD is multifactorial since it incorporates relaxation of the lower oesophageal sphincter
cludes Bernstein test, endoscopy, 24hr ambulatory PH, a short course of acid suppressive treatment, and patient’s signs and symptoms (Richter & Castell, 2012). (PPIs) Proton pump inhibitors and (H2RAs) H2-receptor antagonists class of drugs is used for gastroesophageal reflex
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic GASTROESOPHAGEAL for FREE!