Tuberculosis (TB) is a life-threatening communicable infection that affects mainly the lungs (pulmonary TB) but may in certain instances affect structures and organs of the body other than the lungs (extra-pulmonary TB). Several strains of mycobacteria cause TB, but common to…
A sneeze is capable of releasing up to 40, 000 droplets of tuberculosis microorganisms, and a single droplet is enough to transmit the infection. People with frequent contact with individuals infected with the disease are at a higher risk of contracting the infection with an estimated infection rate of 22%. An untreated person with active TB can infect between 10 and 15 people in a year. The chances of transmission of TB from one person to another is dependent on factors like the amount of infectious droplets expelled by the infected individual during the sneezing episode, the duration of exposure to the droplets and the ineffectiveness of ventilation.
TB infection in an individual can exist in the form of an active disease or the form of a latent infection. An individual with the latent form of the disease does not feel sick and presents with no signs and symptoms of the infection. Latent form of TB is only diagnosed through a tuberculin skin test or a TB blood test. People with the latent TB are not infectious despite possessing the mycobacterium. Individuals with the active form of TB presents with the signs and symptoms of the infection in addition to the positive tuberculin skin test and the TB blood test (Golden & Vikram, 2005).
The most active form of TB is the pulmonary tuberculosis that presents in about 90% of the cases. Pulmonary TB affects the lungs and manifests with chest pain, prolonged coughing and sputum production. In extreme cases of the condition, an individual can cough small amounts of blood a manifestation of the erosion of the pulmonary artery. Extra pulmonary tuberculosis accounts for 15-20% of the active cases of the disease. These are conditions caused by Mycobacterium tuberculin but affect structures out of the lungs. Extra pulmonary tuberculosis is common among the immunosuppressed individuals ...
Cite this document
(“Bench Mark Assessment-Epidemiology Paper Assignment”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/nursing/738699-bench-mark-assessment-epidemiology-paper
(Bench Mark Assessment-Epidemiology Paper Assignment)
“Bench Mark Assessment-Epidemiology Paper Assignment”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/nursing/738699-bench-mark-assessment-epidemiology-paper.
Interpersonal relationships are highly influenced by the characteristics of the people. The people who have same characteristics like have same language, ethnicity, color, background having a strong interpersonal behavior as well as the group which belongs from the same society, having a same language and having a same thinking make a strong group behavior (Turner & Oakes, 1986).
However, the several significant features that they have include: The allocation to the intervention groups is done randomly; trialists together with patients should stay uninformed about the kind of treatment that was given to them until the whole processes is complete, even though double blind studies as such are not normally appropriate of practicable.
Duration of breastfeeding was determined by asking parents or carers. There were 4500 mothers or careers and their children who were asked to participate in the survey, of whom 457 refused to participate, and 243 had an incomplete questionnaire and/or test results.
This understanding is more often based on a limited knowledge and information about the person, so it has high chances of being wrong. Even as close friends and relatives, we have certain images of others which effects out relationship with them and determines the way we deal with them.
One can determine the attributable fraction by dividing the risk difference by the incidence among the exposed population. These fractions are useful for assessing priorities for public health actions. For example, both smoking and air pollution are the causes of lung cancer but the attributable factor smoking is usually greater than air pollution.
Also, it has been linked to bats. Some of the notable symptoms that are experienced initially are flu-like, and this may include cough, myalgia, sore throat, fever and lethargy symptoms. This paper discusses the SARS
Risks and needs are measured in various endeavors to enable stakeholders to prepare, mitigate, and address these. In the field of community corrections, risk assessment has been defined as “the use of a validated
affirmed that the clinical research of investigating the development of leukemia associated with occupational exposures to benzenes basically has three types of potential sources of bias. These sources can be apparently noted as selection, detection and performance of