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Disease process: Diabetes Mellitus Name Institution Disease Process: Diabetes mellitus Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition where a person has high blood sugar or rather an abnormally elevated level of glucose in their blood either due to the absence or insufficient production of insulin or non-responsiveness to the insulin produced.
It has been noted that diabetes mellitus is a major cause of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) which will include congestive heart failure, coronary heart diseases, peripheral artery disease, cardiomyopathy and stroke. The risk of coronary artery diseases and congestive heart failure is relatively high in persons diagnosed with diabetes than in those without. Risk is also increased in patients who suffer from hypertension and dyslipidaemia or in those who smoke cigarettes and use alcohol. People with diabetes have frequent occurrences of hypertension which is a major risk factor for getting a cardiovascular disease. Diabetes mellitus also causes urinary incontinence which is a common problem encountered. It is a indication of primary malfunction of the urinary bladder and urethra that basically causes the patient to pass urine at the wrong place at the wrong time. It causes weakened urethra muscles that will render the patient helpless in controlling their own urine passing. Another urinary incontinence caused by diabetes mellitus is neurogenic bladder which is also called cystopathy. ...
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