Hyperkalemia is the increased serum levels of potassium in excess of 5mg/100 ml. Potassium is critical for the functionality of the heart, muscles and nerves, thus an increased level of potassium would result in muscle weakness, oliguria, respiratory distress, decreased contractility of the heart and hyperreflexia or flaccidity of the skeletal muscles. Hyperkalemia is caused by dysfunction of the kidney, adrenal gland disease or cell shift of potassium, from cells to blood circulation.
Hypokalemia is the low concentration of potassium in the blood; less than 3.5mg/100ml. Hypokalemia is caused by insufficient dietary consumption of potassium, gastrointestinal fluid loss and urinary loss especially when one is on diuretics. Hypokalemia presents with signs and symptoms of muscle weakness, abnormal heart rhythms, tremor, flaccid paralysis hyporeflexia and constipation (Jung et al., 2009).
A nurse must be very vigilant in monitoring for signs of hyperkalemia and hypokalemia to enhance early management of the condition. This would include the action of the nurse to periodically monitor vital signs, heart rhythm, cardiovascular status and the abdomen for signs of distention, bowel sounds and pain. The nurse would then notify the physician of the abnormal findings that are an indication of either hyperkalemia or hypokalemia. The physician would the order appropriate medication for the treatment of the condition. During the course of management, the nurse would engage the patient and the family on health education in relation to the condition as a means of preventing reoccurrence of the condition (Porth, 2011).
Alderman, M. H., Piller, L. B., Ford, C. E., Probstfield, J. L., Oparil, S., Cushman, W. C., … Davis, B. R. (2012). Clinical significance of incident hypokalemia and hyperkalemia in treated hypertensive patients in the antihypertensive and lipid-lowering treatment to prevent heart attack trial. Hypertension, 59, ...
Cite this document
(“Potassium Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/nursing/752470-potassium
(Potassium Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words)
“Potassium Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/nursing/752470-potassium.
Water is necessary for the maintenance of the body since it includes 20 minerals need as part of a healthy diet. The human body at birth is composed of 80% water, while full grown humans have a composition of approximately 70% water. Humans can drink up to 3 gallons or 48 eight ounce cups of water each day.
The paper "How Nerves Work" gives the detailed information about the whole work of human nerve system. Sensory neurons send signals to the brain or spinal cord from your sense organs and motor neurons send messages from the brain to the muscles. To send the message, neurons make use of electricity.
The major cause of this disorder is high blood pressure and diabetes.
George has been having high blood pressure for five years, has been letting out a lot of urine and tremendous reduction of body mass. Acute kidney failure
The pituitary gland is comprised of two main compartments, that is, the neural (neurohypophysis) and non-neural (adenohypophysis). LH and FSH gonadotropes are located on the adenohypophysis compartment and there is empirical
of a cell and just as the name of the enzyme suggests sodium potassium pump thrusts potassium into the cells of the animals while pumping out sodium out of the cells. While the enzymes perform the antiporter like function, they are not actual antiporter since the molecules it
To date, the element is acquired through electrolysis of hydroxide or chloride because it is not found freely in nature (Roza, 2007). It was until the eighteenth century that Potassium and sodium were distinguished. Potassium is an essential dietary mineral.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Potassium for FREE!