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Effect of Progressive Muscle Relaxation Techniques on Chronic Pain in Cancer Patients - Dissertation Example

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Effect of Progressive Muscle Relaxation Techniques on Chronic Pain in Cancer Patients

These reviews are complemented by meta-analyses which consider data across independent studies. Pain in cancer patients is a result of toxicities from chemotherapy and radiation coupled with infections. Available pharmacological drugs regimes are commonly used to relieve pain in cancer patients and they include non-opioids, opioids and agonist analgesics. As pharmacological drugs become ineffective in relieving cancer pain, attention is shifting towards non-pharmacological pain relief intervention (NPPRI). However, studies relating to methods of pain relief in cancer patients using alternative methods of pain relief, other than pharmacological-based methods, are inconclusive on the effect of relaxation towards alleviating pain. In view of the fact that pharmacological methods use is prominent among cancer patients, these drugs expose them to serious side effects such as loss of effectiveness with time or even inadequate pain relief among other side effects. NPPRIs are complementary pain management approaches and they include cutaneous stimulation such as massages, transcutaneous electrical stimulation and cognitive behavioral methods such as relaxation techniques. Muscle tension is minimized through relaxation techniques as they create powerful distractions. ...
literature and analyzed so as to identify the role, effectiveness and degree onto which PMR techniques can be used to relief pain in cancer patients. 1.1 What is pain? Pain is an experience of the mind which is linked with an increased sense of sensation in the body. Cancer pain is as a result of treatment procedure (chemotherapy and radiation) or it may be due to infections. 1.2 What is progressive muscle relaxation? Progressive muscle relaxation, a non pharmacological pain relief intervention (NPPRI) technique, involves the systematic tensing and relaxing of skeletal muscles of the body. PMR may involve a few muscles for patients in acute pain in a clinical environment. 1.3 How is muscle relaxation and pain relief linked? Pain is a common feature of cancer and usually arises from tumor progression, pathology, surgery, chemotherapy and radiations. The form of pain in cancer is multilayered involving (1) physiologic (organize etiology of the pain); (2) sensory (intensity, location, quality); (3) affective (depression and anxiety); (4) cognitive (the meaning attached to the pain); and (5) behavioral (activity level, analgesic intake). Muscle relaxation reduces muscle tension which has an effect of creating a powerful distraction through reduction of anxiety and distress associated with pain. This changes the patient’s perception of pain. These muscle relaxation techniques may involve behaviors such as yawning, reflecting on peaceful experiences, deep breathing and abdominal breathing. 1.4 Review questions Primary objectives The objective is to provide a systematic review of the evidence from literature on the effect of PMR in reducing pain among cancer patients”. Secondary objectives In this systematic review, the study will gather, synthesize and analyze evidence ...Show more

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Systematic Review Protocol Main Title A Systematic Review of the Effect of Progressive Muscle Relaxation Techniques in Chronic Pain in Cancer Patients. Review group Section Protocol Author (s) Month/year of publication November 2012 Contact details Institutional base Advisory group Conflict of interest (if any) Acknowledgements 1…
Author : kubquincy
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