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ENVIRONMENTAL & GLOBAL HEALTH ISSUES
Pages 3 (753 words)
Community Health Nursing Tasks Community Health Nursing Tasks A. Selected Communicable Disease (Measles) Three studies regarding the outbreak of measles in certain areas are to be discussed. The three studies concurred that the outbreaks are caused by two interacting factors: the introduction of measles by unknowingly-infected patients into an area where measles are not endemic; and the presence of highly-susceptible people, which are the under-vaccinated or unvaccinated members of the population (Parker, et al., 2006, Sugerman, et al., 2010, and van den Hof, et al., 2001)…
The symptoms associated with the disease were: the presence of fever and rash; diarrhea and vomiting; complications such as pneumonia and encephalitis; and death if not treated promptly (Parker, et al., 2006, Sugerman, et al., 2010, and van den Hof, et al., 2001). Additional tests such as the detection of anti-measles immunoglobulin M (IgM) in the blood of the patients also confirmed the infection in patients that are under suspicion of carrying the virus. In all three studies, the rate of infection after being exposed to the measles virus ranged from 75% to 94%, with the high rates being attributed to the parents not letting the children receive any vaccinations (Sugerman, et al., 2010). Due to parents choosing not to have their children vaccinated out of fear of the possible adverse effects, this further increased the population’s susceptibility despite the governments’ efforts of providing vaccinations against the disease (Parker, et al., 2006). ...
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