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Considering the circumstances and preliminary workup report, Ms A is likely to be suffering from iron deficiency anemia.
Iron is the main component that makes up hemoglobin (the red pigments that give blood its red color). Other than giving the blood its color, hemoglobin is the main agent that transports oxygen from the lungs to various cells of a human body. Thus, low levels of iron in the blood means that the blood cannot transport sufficient oxygen to other part of the body. In normal condition iron absorption and assimilation is lower than other macro elements such as sodium. Iron deficiency results from loss of blood through severe hemorrhage resulting from injuries and menstruation in women. In such condition, the body loses iron at a rate that is above natural replenishment through dietary intake. According to the case study, Ms A is 26 years and hence she is at the height of her menstrual cycle. Possibly Ms A has never given birth and, therefore menstruation is the only major cause of blood loss from her body. The main factor supporting the diagnostic claim is her experience of dysmenorrheal. Dysmenorrheal is a throbbing pain on the lower abdomen caused by strong contraction of uterine muscles. The condition is associated with low levels of prostaglandin blood. Clearly, this shows that her body has low level of blood resulting from iron deficiency. Unlike other components that form the blood such as proteins and water, iron is less abundant in the body (Mody, Brown, Wechsler, 2003). ...
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