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Nursing Education System Valerie Blemur Florida International University NUR 4667 – Nursing in Global Health System November 13, 2012 Political History and Development of Nursing Education: Comparison of Poland and China Nursing education in China developed due to the influx of the western missionaries and their new ideas in nursing, after the Chinese government lost the Opium war in 1842 (Xu et al., 2000, p.
According to Chen (1996, pp. 129-149), the first collegiate nursing program was started by Peking Union Medical College (PUMC). This was a five-year program established in 1920. The first secondary level nursing school was established in 1930. The PUMC program remained the only tertiary program in Chinese education until 1952 when the communist government restructured the education system to accommodate the higher education system. However, the political upheavals delayed the implementation of the higher education program until 1980s (Xu et al., 2000, p. 208). Nursing education in Poland was established later than in China, i.e. 1911 (Sztembis, 2006, p. 102). However, the development rate of nursing education in Poland was faster compared to that of China. Polish nursing education ceased in 1914 with the rise of the First World War (Sztembis, 2006, p. 102). According to Wolska-Lipiec (1987, p. 42), most of the teachers and graduates of the school joined the military to train the society on the modalities of caring for the wounded and participating in the civil sanitation. ...
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