Pneumonia is a septicity of the lungs that result from bacteria, viruses, fungi, as well as parasites.The first symptom is inflammation of the alveoli in the lungs that is filled with fluid. These alveoli are microscopic sacs in the lungs that fascinate oxygen. Recent global…
Pneumonia can make an individual very ill even to the point of death. However, the disease can transpire in young, as well as healthy individuals, but is more dangerous in older adults, babies and persons with other illness or weakened immune systems.
Pneumonia is often caused by a bacterium, the Streptococcus Pneumoniae, especially in people who suffer from chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases and are victims of alcoholism. Such individuals are vulnerable to contracting pneumonia from Klebsiella, as well as Hemophilus Influenza. This category, although occurring temporarily, has some association with the bacteria known as the Mycoplasma Pneumoniae (Krause, 2012). Subsequently, the attacking organisms results in a variety of impact, in part, by irritating to an overly enthusiastic status to the immune responses within the lungs. Therefore, the small blood vessels within the lungs tend to develop leaks; hence, protein-rich fluid seeps through the alveoli. However, this tends to mark a less serviceable region for oxygen-carbon dioxide conversions; hence, the affected victims tend to develop oxygen rundowns while holding hypothetically risky carbon dioxide (Krause, 2012).
Conversely, ill persons respire faster in conjunction to result in more oxygen, as well as release of more carbon dioxide. However, when these secretions are augmented, the leaky vessels often tinge the mucus with blood. The mucus plugs tend to diminish the efficacy of gas conversions within the lungs. Nonetheless, the alveoli tend to fill up with fluids, resulting in the debris from a vast number of white cells that get released to combat the infection (Krause, 2012). Therefore, the pneumonia condition often starts when an individual breathes the relevant germs into lungs. What follows is usually the disease after accessing a cold, as well as a flu. Conversely, the sickness will tend to make a person find it difficult for his/her lungs to fight against the ...
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(“PNEUMONIA Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
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(PNEUMONIA Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
“PNEUMONIA Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/nursing/757919-pneumonia.
The VAP bundle includes four components of care and they are: 1. Elevation of the head of the bed of the patient This is the most integral part of VAP bundle and has been strongly associated with decrease in the rate of VAP. The elevation level that is recommended is 30-45 degrees.
It is a disease of the lung tissue occurring forty eight hours after procedures like tracheostomy or placement of an endotracheal tube to the patient is done. These procedures impair the integrity of the respiratory tree (CDC, 2012). Various journals have been published on other various VAP issues affecting its severity and outcome.
Ventilator acquired pneumonia (VAP) is pneumonia that occurs in patients on endotracheal intubation or tracheostomy tube after 48 hours or more which was not originally present before the ventilation. It is the most common ICU infection and the most fatal of all.
VAP is the commonest type of nosocomial infection, occurring forty eight hours after the initiation of mechanical ventilation. It affects between 10 to 20% of patients under mechanical ventilation. VAP leads to increased ventilator duration, increased hospital stays, increased mortality and increased cost.
Ventilator Associated Pneumonia (VAP) refers explicitly to nosocomial bacterial pneumonia that has developed in patients who are under mechanical ventilation. VAP can be segregated into two types – early onset pneumonia and late onset pneumonia. One that occurs within 48 to 72 hours after tracheal intubation and is mostly the result of aspiration is termed early onset VAP and the one that occurs after this period is termed late-onset pneumonia (Kollef, 2005).
Early onset of pneumonia is caused by infection of staphylococcus, haemophilus or streptococcus gram-positive bacteria. These strains of bacteria are antibiotic sensitive. The late onset of VAP occurs after 72hours of ventilation (Booker et al., 2013). Methicilin resistant staphylococcus, pseudomona and enterobactor bacteria normally cause it.
Mortality from pneumonia generally decreases with age until late adulthood. Elderly individuals, however, are at particular risk for pneumonia and associated mortality.Its incidence is much higher in the developing nation where medical care isn't always available in the best quality and the standard of living is low.
In other words AIDS means a disease which completely demolishes the body's immune system, paving the path for acquiring any disease to which such a person is exposed. (Encarta Dictionary Tools).
The HIV has a protein structure that recognizes and binds only with a specific structure found on the outer surface of certain cells.
The first key assessment data and the most observable symptom in the case of Mr. Bukowski is abnormal respiration pattern. The sympathetic nervous system is being stimulated by the increased carbon dioxide in the arterial blood, leading