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A Literature Review: The Role, Benefits and Adverse Effects of Bariatric Surgery on the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in
Pages 12 (3012 words)
The Role, Merits and Demerits of Bariatric Surgery in the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Overweight and Obese Adults Introduction New and innovative recommendations for the treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) in overweight and obese adults keep surfacing now and then given the increasing incidence of this particular disease over the past some years.
518). Type 2 DM particularly affects overweight or obese adults who also suffer from any form of cardiovascular disease and the incidence of this disease particularly increases in patients over 45 years of age. “Diabetes affects approximately 285 million persons worldwide, with type 2 diabetes comprising 90% of diagnoses” (International Diabetes Federation, cited in Goldenberg, 2011, p. 518). Given such a high incidence, multiple research studies are done to analyze the effectiveness of bariatric surgery in treatment of type 2 DM. One research in particular focuses on the role played by bariatric surgical procedures on the insulin action and beta-cell function in diabetic patients. It suggests that in contrast to other treatment modalities which have failed repeatedly, a systematic review of the English literature based on more than 22000 patients revealed that bariatric surgery resulted in complete regression of type 2 diabetes in 77% patients in terms of normal blood glucose levels and discontinuation of diabetic medications (Ferrannini and Mingrone, 2009, p. 515). ...
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