Most of the nursing models are capable of producing effective care plans towards documenting the patient’s treatment so that all other healthcare workers and professional who encounter such a patient will know the patient’s condition. However, the care plan should be to allow daily evaluation and changes as the needs and ability of the patient may change. Notably, the care plans are often shaped by the nursing model or theories upon which the car plan was formulated. Thus, the nursing theories have a significant impact on the significant of the clinical practices. Dorothea Orem’s general theory is among the nursing theories that provide a fundamental framework that define nursing care practices that should be offered to patients. The Orem’s general theory is often defined by three highly defined theories including the self-care theory. The self-care theory defines the activities that a patient needs to achieve a complete or achieve optimum health Orem, Renpenning, and Taylor, 2003). Additionally, Orem’s theory is defined by self-care deficit that specifies when the nursing care in appropriate for the patient who can meet his or her self-care needs. Finally, the Orem’s general theory is defined by the nursing systems theory that describes how the nurse, patient, or both working together will meet the underlined self-care needs. The Orem’s theory ensures that a nurse properly identifies the self-care deficits of the patient’s ability. A nurse can achieve this through acting or guiding the patients or other parties involve in her or his care in supporting the patient (Roussel and Swansburg, 2009). Moreover, the nurse should provide a friendly environment that encourages the patient thereby developing self-care abilities. Such environment can be achieved through teaching the patient and others persons involve in his care on how to meet the environmental self-care needs of the patient. Therefore, the main aim of the Orem’s self-care model is enable patients and their family or caregivers to maintain or take care of their health (Meleis, 2011). Orem’s Model Health Care Plan There are numerous health care plans that are proposed by Orem’s model of practice and Mr. Issler must consider undertaking all of them. 1. Universal self-care requisites I will advise Mr. Issler to maintain human integrity in order to allow proper functioning of his body structures. In providing health care for Mr. Issler, the following requisites shall be to consider Maintain sufficient air, water, and food intake Provision of health care assoc through elimination process Mr. Issler to be advised to balance between chores and rest and between solitude and social interaction He is to avoid hazardous life like getting to congested and overcrowded places 2. Developmental self-care requi
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Nursing theories are vital concepts that nursing students must be introduced to in order to broaden their definition of different schools of thought on nursing practices. The learning of nursing theories enables the nursing practitioners to learn about the numerous nursing models that have been proposed towards caring for patients. …
(17), Adriana (12), and Roger (7 years old). Todd is an office worker at a government agency and Evelyn is a housewife. Todd’s elderly mother, Rose (88 years old), also lives with them. The father is the primary breadwinner, decision-maker, and authority figure in the home.
These concepts are broadly defined in their metaparadigm, and such metaparadigms comprise of several major concepts.Such metaparadigms are considered to be the boundaries or limits of any practice. This is not much different in the nursing practice.
The nursing system ensues at that point of time when the nurse intervenes with the patient either to prescribe medication or to provide care that is intended to take care of self-care deficit and regulate his or her own capabilities of self-care (Orem, 1985; cited in Comley, 1994).
She received her B.S. from St. Scholastica’s Benedictine College located in Atchison, Kansas in 1950. Four years later, she earned Masters Degree in Mental and psychiatric health nursing from the Catholic university in Washington D.C. She received her doctorate degree (PhD) in social and cultural anthropology from the University of Washington, Seattle.
Perioperative nurses are the registered nurses who work closely with the surgical patient, family members and other health-care professionals to help plan, implement and evaluate treatment Perioperative registered nurses provide surgical patient care by assessing, planning, and implementing the nursing care patients receive before, during and after surgery.
Patients, or as Orem calls them, “nursing clients,” are human beings whose health problems have resulted in limitations that render them unable to participate in continuous self-care, or that result in needing others to provide their care. A
sing provision of this care or augmentation of their own self-care efforts" (Comley, 1994) The theory considers care of one-self and that of dependents as a type of learned behavior which causes regulation of the structural integrity, development and functioning of the humans.
Therefore, proper understanding of the nursing theory will enable nursing student to able to formulate their own nursing models and theories towards helping and caring for patients Orem, Renpenning, and Taylor, 2003). Various