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Nursing Theory Plan of Care - Research Paper Example

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Nursing Theory Plan of Care

Most of the nursing models are capable of producing effective care plans towards documenting the patient’s treatment so that all other healthcare workers and professional who encounter such a patient will know the patient’s condition. However, the care plan should be to allow daily evaluation and changes as the needs and ability of the patient may change. Notably, the care plans are often shaped by the nursing model or theories upon which the car plan was formulated. Thus, the nursing theories have a significant impact on the significant of the clinical practices. Dorothea Orem’s general theory is among the nursing theories that provide a fundamental framework that define nursing care practices that should be offered to patients. The Orem’s general theory is often defined by three highly defined theories including the self-care theory. The self-care theory defines the activities that a patient needs to achieve a complete or achieve optimum health Orem, Renpenning, and Taylor, 2003). Additionally, Orem’s theory is defined by self-care deficit that specifies when the nursing care in appropriate for the patient who can meet his or her self-care needs. Finally, the Orem’s general theory is defined by the nursing systems theory that describes how the nurse, patient, or both working together will meet the underlined self-care needs. The Orem’s theory ensures that a nurse properly identifies the self-care deficits of the patient’s ability. A nurse can achieve this through acting or guiding the patients or other parties involve in her or his care in supporting the patient (Roussel and Swansburg, 2009). Moreover, the nurse should provide a friendly environment that encourages the patient thereby developing self-care abilities. Such environment can be achieved through teaching the patient and others persons involve in his care on how to meet the environmental self-care needs of the patient. Therefore, the main aim of the Orem’s self-care model is enable patients and their family or caregivers to maintain or take care of their health (Meleis, 2011). Orem’s Model Health Care Plan There are numerous health care plans that are proposed by Orem’s model of practice and Mr. Issler must consider undertaking all of them. 1. Universal self-care requisites I will advise Mr. Issler to maintain human integrity in order to allow proper functioning of his body structures. In providing health care for Mr. Issler, the following requisites shall be to consider Maintain sufficient air, water, and food intake Provision of health care assoc through elimination process Mr. Issler to be advised to balance between chores and rest and between solitude and social interaction He is to avoid hazardous life like getting to congested and overcrowded places 2. Developmental self-care requi ...Show more

Summary

Nursing theories are vital concepts that nursing students must be introduced to in order to broaden their definition of different schools of thought on nursing practices. The learning of nursing theories enables the nursing practitioners to learn about the numerous nursing models that have been proposed towards caring for patients. …
Author : mmcdermott
Nursing Theory Plan of Care essay example
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