effects of the mechanical use of medical devices that in the long run alter the normal physiological setup of the body internally causing a recess in either the chemical or fluid constituents of the body.
Apparently, there has been various advances suggesting just how the ventilator machine comes into play in afflicting the severely ill patients or the intensive care unit patients and the cutting edge is that its majorly the nasal and bronchial constituents being altered hence reverting to pneumonic episodes.
Notably, a bronchoscopy technique has been severally used to analyze the deep default caused by the ventilator system and has been seen that the bronchial alveolar lavage fluid (BAL).The high incidences of mortality and morbidity serve as primarily the main buffers of the ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP).
Polit and Beck in their journal essentials of nursing 8th edition have tried to advance the ideology and theory that head elevation can serve as an aiding element in preventing if not curing the ventilator associated pneumonia. Furthermore they argue that the bronchoscopy technique is not a sufficient choice in analyzing the pneumonic constituents. Nonetheless, they have advanced the head elevation ideology as a way of rescue or retribution of some sort.
On the contrary, ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) can be defined as a general infection that is common in critical care settings in hospital and is associated with severe clinical outcomes. According to the U.S Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, VAP is defined as a pneumonia that occurs 2 days after the commencement of mechanical aeration (Tablan, 2004). Aspiration of gastric substances is known to be a chief entry path of bacteria into the lungs, which is a significant aspect in the development of VAP. Ventilator-associated pneumonia is a prevalent nosocomial contagion in severely sick patients and is a primary contributor to prolonged stay in the hospital (Muscedere et al.