In the paper “Evaluate the criticisms of Person Centred therapy” the author analyzes Carl Rodgers’ approach to psychotherapy through a client-centered therapy today, which remains a viable approach. Contrary to other theories of the time, patient therapists rarely ask questions…
By adapting a non-judgmental acceptance and listening, Deco and Vanteenkiste (2004, p. 24) reveal that therapists manage to promote change. However, trusting that the client will establish their own solutions to their problems introduces lots of criticism that refers to client-centred therapy as dependent on very little theory. This paper evaluates the criticisms against client-centred therapy. While Rodgers established an approach that focused on clients as human beings that can take full control of their lives, critics such as behaviourists argued that humans are organism that only respond to stimuli and whose habits are only learnt from experiences. Rodgers contradicted this approach to argue that humans are not helpless, but are responsible for their own conduct and behaviour (Deci & Ryan, 2000, p. 228). One psychoanalyst contradicted by Rodgers was Freud, who viewed humans as always being captives of primitive passions that commence from fixations experienced during childhood only to become powerful biological drives. Unlike Rodgers, Freud’s emphasis was on humans’ dark side that constituted of damaging instincts that beyond human control. On the contrary, Deco and Ryan (2000, p. 228) viewed Rogers’ approach as wrong because humans have choices, and control over themselves, thus they are not just characteristically weak and easily broken. Furthermore, humans do not always require assistance from counsellors and experts to enable them amend their weakened lives (Cramer, 2003, p. 86). ...
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Note that there is no requirement for the helper to belong to any designated profession or position, such as doctor, psychologist, priest or elder, to set him/her apart from the person being helped. However, that begs the question whether anybody can undertake counselling and be effective.
It holds that accomplishing potential needs demands a favourable environment considering that under severe conditions, an individual can fail to develop and grow well. When an individual is denied positive attention and acceptance, he or she may start losing touch with the meaning of their experiences.
The counsellor is usually guided by a theory of counselling in attempting to identify and treat the causes of discomfort or suffering (Corsini & Wedding, 2008). In this regard, the exploring and questioning phase of counselling guided by Roger’s Client-Centred Therapy also known as person-centred therapy will be analysed.
These two main topics will be discussed thoroughly in the succeeding pages and compared on the aspects of their techniques, classification and other similar approaches, their focused clients and the requirements of a therapist.
"Person Centred Therapy (PCT), also known as Client-Centred Therapy is used to help a person achieve personal growth and or come to terms with a specific event or problem." The therapist encourages the patient to express feelings and does not suggest how the person might wish to change, but by listening and then mirroring back what the patient reveals, helps the person explore and understand his/her feelings.
The author states that the skill and abilities of a person are clearly understood in Person Centered Model. It is a process which involves various steps. First the problem of the person must be analyzed. Then counseling is conducted to find out his feelings and emotions. Likes and dislikes are also known.
The person only needs support from the counsellor to overcome the problems. The client needs to involve in a therapeutic relationship with the counsellor and it is the responsibility of the counsellor to provide the right kind of environment for a positive growth in client's behavior.
The author states that the central idea underlining the person-centred counselling is that the person should be trusted to fund his own way out, while the therapist is the companion who encourages the relationship in which person feels safe. The person-centred approach is the belief in rightness, appropriateness, and goodness of human nature.
The conclusion from this study states that person-centered counseling helps patients to regain trust and confidence in themselves which is lacking in those who have the battle with the perception of others. Carl Rogers created the new conditions of relationships where growth process and treating other people as well as the self in a loving manner is encouraged.
Specifically, the person-centred model was developed from the concepts of humanistic psychology. The humanistic model "views people as capable and autonomous, with the ability to resolve their difficulties, realize their
According to the essay, the person-centred therapy starts from the assumption that all the parties involved are trustworthy amongst themselves, this tendency of being in a condition that the members or clients are able to trust each other gives the client the notion that each individual is of the idea of creating constrictive accomplishment.
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