Schizophrenia is a mental condition that affects an individual brain thus interfering with the thinking, acting and feeling capability of such a person. An individual with schizophrenia have a problem in distinguishing between things that exist in reality and those that are…
Several people who suffer from schizophrenia are not always violent and they do not cause harm to others. The disease is not associated with childhood experiences or inadequate parental guidance and the signs and symptoms differ from one person to another (Swerdlow, 2010).
The primary cause of schizophrenia is not very precise, and multiple factors have been associated to predispose and cause the disease. Several scientists have associated schizophrenia with genetics as the main cause since it runs in the familial tree and that an individual inherits the disease. Similarly, schizophrenia has been identified to develop when an individual’s body undergoes several hormonal and physical changes, for example during puberty in adolescents. The disease may as well be triggered by some environmental factors such as infections by virus or when an individual is in a highly stressful situation. Chemical imbalance in the brain is another major cause of schizophrenia, whereby serotonin and dopamine fail to be in optimal levels. These chemicals (neurotransmitters) have a major function of allowing the nerve cells in the brain to send a signal to other parts. An imbalance of these neurotransmitters affects an individual’s brain reaction to stimuli. This provides an explanation why an individual with schizophrenia occasionally gets overwhelmed by some sensory stimuli such as loud music or dazzling lights, which normal individuals easily handle (Roder & Medalia, 2010).
There are no specific signs and symptoms of schizophrenia and they differ from one person to another. The symptoms can slowly develop over an extended period, sometimes several months to years and occasionally they may abruptly appear. In some cases, the disease may be on and off or persist continuously. Some of the symptoms include: hallucinations; where an individual feel or see things that are not real, an individual feels that he/she is always being watched, strange speaking of words, ...
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(“Schizophrenia Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words - 4”, n.d.)
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(Schizophrenia Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words - 4)
“Schizophrenia Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words - 4”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/nursing/773937-schizophrenia.
Schizophrenia Introduction Schizophrenia is a severe psychotic illness that weakens almost all the mental functions of people suffering from it (First & Tasman, 2010, p.245). In the past, people suffering from schizophrenia were called as ‘mad’ (First & Tasman, 2010, p.245).
Wexler et al (2009) conducted a study to analyze the deviation in cognition from normal levels. The deviation from normal in schizophrenics was found to be more than one standard deviation. These patients were called neuropsychological impaired (NPI). 20 to 25 % of schizophrenics were however found to have levels of cognition close to normal, this group of patients was named as neuropsychological near normal (NPNN) .
The disorder is complex in nature where the causes are difficult to obtain. However it has been considered that genetic factors are responsible for the occurrence of the disorder (Schizophrenia, 2010). The present study focuses on the schizophrenia disorder discussing its symptoms and the genetic basis of the disorder.
Throughout the human lifespan, the schizophrenia disorder has been a basis of bafflement. Initially, people who suffered from schizophrenia were presumed to be infested by evil spirits and were locked up, exiled, tormented or feared forever. Despite progress in comprehending schizophrenia causes, it continues to mystify health professionals.
They hallucinate; they have poor decision making, talks to her/his own self, and behave unusually.
The signs of this disorder appear to be confusing. Coping with the symptoms is very difficult mostly in the side of the parents. The sudden onset of the symptoms is referred as the acute phase of the disorder.
de to determine if a person has schizophrenia, the diagnosis has to be made solely on the symptoms, especially if the person seems to have more than one.
Paranoid schizophrenia is quite similar to regular schizophrenia in the sense that the person does not have a firm grip on
Consequently, it is responsible for much of the populations morbidity since it is regularly a continually disabling disorder. It has a frequency of 18 - 20 cases per 100,000 per year. Its climax age of commencement differs for men and women (Gilmore, 2010).
Apart from the serous signs and symptoms, this psychiatric disorder also has an immense impact on the close environment and relatives of the patients, due to its severe nature. The earliest description of schizophrenia is given by a French psychiatrist as a form of dementia
A revolution in the management of Schizophrenia started about a half a century ago when chlorpromazine was introduced in 1952. This was the first time that psychiatric specialist had a drug that was effective in the
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