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Bolivia: Country with High Mortality Rates Name Institution Until the election of the President Evo Morales in 2005, Bolivia faced economic and political uncertainty. The two then adversely affected the health status of many citizens, resulting in poor standards of living for the most, especially native Indians (Gritzner & Gritzner, 2004, p.15).
Location/Geography Bolivia’s total area is over one million square kilometers, which makes it a 28th country in the world by its size (CIA, 2012). Due to its large area and the presence of the Andes Mountain, Bolivia’s climate ranges from pine trees to palm trees (Gritzner & Gritzner, 2004, p.9). However, despite its size, Bolivia has no exit to the ocean (CIA, 2012). Moreover, arable land covers only 2.97 percent of total land area (CIA, 2012). Population In 2012, there were over 12 million persons living in Bolivia (CIA, 2012). However, there are large minorities present, with the whites being a minority: Quechua comprise 30 percent; mestizo, or offspring of white and Amerindian ancestors, comprise 30 percent; Aymara comprise 25 percent; and whites of European ancestry comprise only 15 percent (CIA, 2012). The official language is Spanish, but languages of Quechua and Aymara are spoken as well (CIA, 2012). The population is quite young, with 34.2 percent being younger than 14, and only 4.7 percent being older than 65 (CIA, 2012). Most Native Americans are illiterate and uneducated (Gritzner & Gritzner, 2004, p.15). Government Bolivia is a republic with 112 provinces (Gritzner & Gritzner, 2004, p.79). However, its stability is overshadowed by its violent history. ...