This shortage may be attributed to the fact that most nurses shun this job due to unfavorable working conditions in hospitals, nurses moving to outpatient care, managed care service and some into business. In addition, nursing does not attract many young applicants, thus the retiring nurses have no other people to replace them. In another dimension, nursing teachers are not paid well. This leads to less nurses taking up the teaching job, subsequently nursing schools enroll few students who will be well attended to by the few staff (Garrett, 2008). Research has proven that some of the leading causes of severe effects in inpatient care may be directly attributed to the current nursing shortage in hospitals. The result of understaffing of nurses may lead to medication errors that may end up causing deaths among patients. Shortage of nurses in hospitals leads to patient monitoring and pain checking being ignored. This comes about due to the fact that the few available nurses are being overwhelmed by their work, and may end up forgetting about other patients, something that may be fatal if the patients are in a critical state or may lack the time to conduct the routine check up on some patients (The point of care 2001). Shortage of nurses may also lead to the available workers being overworked by working overtime, something they cannot refuse due to the fact that according to the American Nursing Association, they are liable to losing their jobs or their working licenses being revoked. Due to overworking the nurses accumulate stress and fatigue may lead to them giving medication to the wrong patient or giving wrong doses or even missing a dose entirely. Fewer nurses may also lead to neglect of patients by the nurses. This may be seen in that, in the process of attending to a patient, a more seriously ill patient may be brought in, and this may lead to the nurse abandoning the patient. Nurse under staffing has also been established to be having an effect on urinary tract infections and pneumonia. Studies show that nurse staffing and have adverse effects. The class of care rendered to most patients, and their safety is jeopardized by the Shortages of nurses in medical facilities. This problem is brought about by the fact that nurses concentrate on many patients at a time, thus inhibiting patients from acquiring quality attention. Understaffing of nurses leads to them not having a conducive working environment. Most hospitals necessitate them to work overtime leading to burn outs. This is attributed to the fact that nurses are not able to handle the pressure from the working environment. This pressure results in reduced performance. Overworking leads to medication errors that nurses do not provide when prescribing drugs, administering drugs or carrying out medical tests. Also, nurses do not take the right precaution when caring for patients, which ends up affecting patients’ result and may lead to death (Garrett, 2008). Quite a number of patients suffering from acute diseases die as a result of medication errors. There are legislations passed to help prevent medication error. Medication safety language was added to the tax relief and health care act of 2006. Inclusion of hospital quality requirement in the bill allows patients to get information they need; that is, report from hospital illustrating whether it meets established safety standard; thus people are able to protect themselves
Staffing shortages and medication errors Name: University: Abstract Around the globe, there have been a declining number of nurses within the hospitals. This reduction has ended up causing the ratio of patients to nurses to increase. Consequently, this results in poor services and mistakes that sometimes end up causing death…
Summary Medication errors are the most frequently occurring medical errors. Adverse events for patients occur as a result, and yet these errors are preventable. In comparison to all segments of population the potential harm from medication errors is higher in the pediatric population segment in comparison to the adult population Evidence from studies demonstrate that the pediatric population is at three times a higher risk than the adult population.
Sadly though, it is not always that this noble aim gets achieved. One outstanding factor that leads to the failure of this all important healthcare expectation is medication error. Medication errors occur when drugs are administered either in a wrong proportion or of the wrong purpose to patients.
These include illegibly written prescriptions, dispensing errors, calculation errors, etc. Among the above cited errors, some of the errors are considered to be most crucial and they have considerable impact on the patients, for example, the monitoring errors and the administering errors.
Most of the nursing medical errors occur when wrong prescriptions are made. When such errors are made, the government and the patients are the most affected. The former for instance may be asked to pay patients who have been victims of medical errors. On the other hand, patients’ health may either get worse or lead to uncalled for deaths.
Medication errors is defined as any event that may cause or translate to inappropriate medication or harm to patient and is preventable. Factors that lead to medication error are classified in to two i.e. Individual or systematic factors, though often individual are blamed for medication errors that have resulted.
H.R. 876, the Registered Nurse Safe Staffing Act, was introduced to Congress on March 2, 2011 by the bill’s sponsor Democratic House Representative Lois Capps, representing California constituents. The bill serves as a proposed amendment to Title XVIII of the Social Security Act to ensure that patient protections are established in hospitals.
The author explains that nurses are prone to commit an error in medicine administration, especially during the process of transcribing and administering. Nurses are usually assigned to copy the doctor’s prescription for the handing out of the correct dosage.
error refers to any preventable event that may cause or lead to inappropriate medication use or patient harm while the medication is in the control of the health care professional, patient, or consumer (Aspden & Institute of Medicine, 2006). Such events may be related to
This paper investigates one problem that practitioners encounter in the nursing profession.
One of the main duties that nurses have is administering of medication to patients, which is a pretty complex and multistep process. Administering of medication entails things such
2 pages (500 words)Research Paper
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