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New diagnostic tool or intervention for the treatment of diabetes in adults - Essay Example
Pages 3 (753 words)
Evidence-Based Practice Name Class Name Professor Name Description The paper in question (Salas-Salvado et al., 2011) describes the use of a Mediterranean diet as an intervention for the treatment of type II diabetes. There were two different Mediterranean diets used within the study, one supplemented with olive oil and the other with nuts…
Additionally, the diet was thought to be good for use in the prevention of the cardiovascular disease, which provides an added bonus to those suffering from type II diabetes, who are contra-indicated for this risk. Summary The study itself is a comparison between two Mediterranean diets and a low-fat diet. Healthy individuals who were thought to be at risk of developing type II diabetes were given advice on how to follow one of the three diets, but were given no indications towards following any kind of physical exercise regime. The trial was non-randomized and consisted of 418 individuals aged between 55 and 80 years, and thus any benefits seen should only be used in practice for those of this age range, although benefits could be seen in those of a younger age bracket. The patients were then asked to attend a follow-up; a median time of 4.0 years after the original dietary advice was given. After this time, the incidence of type II diabetes was at 10.1% within the group whose Mediterranean diet was supplemented with olive oil, 11.0% in those whose diet was supplemented with nuts, and 17.9% in the traditional low-fat diet category. ...
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