Nursing Capstone: An Analysis of an Advanced Role in Professional Nursing (Nurse Anesthetist) Name Institution Date Nurse Anesthetist: Background and History of the Role A nurse anesthetist is a registered nurse (RN) who has advanced education in the field of anesthesiology…
First, one becomes a RN (Registered Nurse) with at least a Bachelor’s degree (BSN). For this, one needs to finish the undergraduate program and pass a licensing exam. The undergraduate program encompasses the course in human anatomy and physiology, nutrition, microbiology, biology, statistics, and psychology. Those who decide to enrol in a Master’s program are required to have one year or more of experience as a registered nurse in an intensive care unit. They further study anatomy and physiology, pharmacology, pathophysiology, chemistry, biochemistry, and physics, and spend hundreds of hours practicing to provide anesthesia-related care in surgery and obstetrics (What Can I Do Now? Nursing, 2007, p.50). To become a Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA), which is another name for nurse anesthetist, the registered nurse must take national certification exams. These are held by the Council on Certification of Nurse Anesthetists. The latter is a part of NBCRNA (abbreviation for National Board of Certification and Recertification of Nurse Anesthetists). Another certification program is offered by the American Society of PeriAnethesia Nurses. The certification is to be renewed every two years. Practice requirements include pain management through administration of anesthetics during a variety of medical procedures. Namely, nurse anesthetists work with patients before, during and after surgery. Also, nurse anesthetists’ assistance is required during baby delivery. Apart from excellent anesthesia skills and knowledge, nurse anesthetists should have good problem-solving skills, be capable of handling stressful situations, stay calm in emergencies, concentrate well, and be excellent communicators (What Can I Do Now? Nursing, 2007, p.51). Prior to the development of adequate anesthetic methods in the 1840s, surgeons had deadened the pain by alcohol or opium. Anesthesiology brought revolution to surgery practice. The earliest documented involvement of nurses as anesthetists was fixed during the Civil War (Nagelhout & Plaus, 2009, Chapter 1) The first nurse anethesthetist worked in the 1870s. It was Sister Mary Bernard from Pennsylvania. The first educational establishment for nurse anesthetists opened in St.Vincent Hospital located in Portland, state Oregon. It was back in 1909. Before World War I, nurse anesthetists were increasingly sought by hospitals and surgeons, which led to opening of 4 nursing programs in the U.S. (Nagelhout & Plaus, 2009, Chapter 1). At the time of the World War I, U.S. nurse anesthetists were greatly involved in providing medical care to French troops. Additionally, they provided training to both French and British medical staff in anesthesiology. In 1931, a national organization was formed of nurse anesthetists. Up to the beginning of the World War II, anesthesiology was considered a nursing occupation (What Can I Do Now? Nursing , 2007, p.53). References Nagelhout, J. & Plaus, K. (2009) Nurse anesthesia. Elsevier Health Sciences. What can I do now? Nursing (2007) Infobase Publishing. Nurse Anaesthetist: Issues & Challenges of the Profession Nurse anesthetist is a challenging career since it requires excellent mental and physical abilities and professional skills in providing safe and high-quality anesthesia care. Besides, nurse anesthetists must be aware of the current issues and challenges within the ...
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