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Perspectives on Community and Health
Pages 9 (2259 words)
Nursing is a human practice discipline the core value of which is “care”. The nursing profession has a distinct perspective on individuals, community, environment and health. The understanding of human beings as individuals and as communities is the center of knowledge development in nursing.
In nursing, the word community means a group of people sharing at least a single common characteristic. However, Hitchcock et al (2003) define community as “a little more than large number of individuals”. Generally health is considered to be the absence of disease (Gottlieb, 2012); however the concept of health defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) is “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” The community’s role in determining the state of health of a person and health behavior is quite important (Young & Van Niekerk, 2004). For instance, the facilities available in rural and urban settings differ and thus influence the state of well-being and the behavior of the people. Each community has its own culture and in nursing it is crucial to have an understanding of the culture and what makes one community different from the other (Srivastava, 2007). According to Wolgin (2005), a better knowledge and understanding of the cultural differences enables the nurses to provide better and more sensitive care and services. Nursing can be divided into two broad categories; clinical nursing and community health nursing. ...
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