The holistic model encourages nurses to constantly look for factors and relations that affect the complexity of health and illness (Keady & Watts 2010). Application of this model in mental health care nursing requires involvement of the whole persons’ wellbeing and the overall quality of life style with the focus of the nursing interventions directed towards restoring overall harmony with a sense of purpose and meaning in an individual’s life. The patient under nursing care is considered a co-participant in health promotion, working closely with the nurse to determine necessary and appropriate interventions over their health condition. Multidisciplinary team assessments and treatment of older people with mental health problems facilitates implementation of the holistic approach to care for and meet the complex health and social needs presented by this group of patients (Gask 2009). According to Corry (2005), the need for holistic approach in the care of people with mental illnesses has been illustrated by a report associating poor physical care with the high rate of deaths among such people in UK. Studies have shown that people with severe mental illness are at greater risk of physical illness attributed to their lifestyle factors and mental condition. Further studies have shown that despite the UK government’s recommendations for physical health assessment among people with severe mental health problems majority of the patients lack any health history or lifestyle management plan (Corry 2005). The physical health of people with severe mental illness especially among the older people remains a major concern with evidence indicating that psychiatric patients have high rates of physical illness that go undetected contributing to increased premature deaths (Neno, Aveyard & Heath 2008). In addition, most people with mild mental illnesses are neglected, with little or no focus in helping them overcome such illness. Older people experience mental illness that is complex, enduring and debilitating and sometimes age with long-standing mental health needs. Older people with enduring mental health problems have several needs requiring professional care including the long-term effects of high doses of psychotropic medication, the erosion of a person’s social skills and ability to adhere to positive healthy life approaches, high use of alcohol and other substance abuse (Keady & Watts 2010). Other issues arising from the application of the non-holistic approach include confusion of some symptoms for aspects of mental illness, including symptoms common in old age such as anoxia, pain, constipation and weight loss. Application of the Holistic Approach or Model All the discussed needs must be addressed amicably if improved mental health and quality of life were to be realized in this group of people hence the need for the holistic approach in managing such needs. A holistic approach is able to integrate physical needs, social, environmental, economic and psychological needs in managing mental illnesses among the older people (Keady & Watts 2010). Through the holistic approach mental health nurses should focus on connecting with the older people and families in their distress, provide security, create trust and good relationship where the people can confident in finding meaning and truth about their situation. In this case, skilled,
How Might the Holistic Model Help Meet the Mental Health Needs of Older People? The holistic model supports the view that an individual is composed of bio-psycho-social-spiritual components with the main focus on the interconnectedness of the body, mind and the spirit in an individual’s wellbeing…
This study will explore the concept of risk, the social workers duty and reasons for engaging in risk assessment and the theories and approaches used in risk assessment. All of these will be in relation to a special category of service users; older people, where the discussion will lead to the establishment of the best range of methods utilised in risk assessment in this group.
Most mental conditions result to impairments in the quality and quantity of communication. Traditionally, a face- to- face consultation with mental health therapists is the standard intervention when individuals experience clinical manifestations of depression, anxiety, and substance abuse.
These encompass the ageing and children who their health status immensely relies on the extra able individuals and more so the regimes’ facilities and policies instituted to protect them. Wellbeing normally assumes three aspects, which are physical, psychological and sound social setting.
The author has discovered gaps in the knowledge and skills of the nurses in administering injections to mental health nurses. These gaps refer to skills and knowledge in the actual administration of injections, the establishment of rapport with mental health patients, the management of aggressive patients, and the application of sterile techniques.
Nurses should take every responsibility when having knowledge and creating principle of conduct that maintains both the patient and support other professionals as a whole (NMC 2008).
In life there are some main life events that make
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