StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Ethics and IRB - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Ethics and IRB

Ethics is contrasted with the term morality that frequently relates to how the way a person was raised and the values learned from the culture, parents or religion. Ethics refers to the systematic study of the basis of right or wrong decision. The regulations for protection of human subject in United States provide a minimum baseline through which every person must comply when operating the institutional review board, IRB, when obtaining consent from the research subjects, and when conducting the research. The ethical thought has shaped the regulations, though ethics require more conditions than what regulations require (Steinberg, 2007). Throughout the history of ethics, various theories have been formulated on what ethics ought to be. When these theories are critically examined, the procedure, rules and outlooks of ethics are justified. The major challenge in a practical environment, particularly in medical research, is the translation of the theoretical concepts of ethics into action. Regulations will thus come into place and help in accomplishing such tasks (Chamberlain, 2008). Development of the research ethics has evolved over time. Many tragedies have been reported through the research history involving the human subjects. Many people suffered as they participated in the research. The first research experiments on human subjects were the vaccination trial where physicians experimented with either their families, or themselves. Ethically, it is an injustice to abstract them from thinking on regulations away from the ethical context (Juritzen, Grimen & Heggen, 2011). In modern history, the discovery of atrocities by the Nazi physicians pioneered in human subject protection. Some of the experiments were considered inhumane and unethical. The voluntary consent is, therefore, essential when performing experiments on the human subjects and the research risks should be minimized so that it will benefit the society. Ethics Ethics refers to branch of study that deals with the most appropriate course of action for human beings. It involves systemizing, recommending and the defending concepts of right and wrong behavior. Ethics is a critical requirement in human life since it determines the course of action towards a certain goal or objective. When conducting the nursing research, the researchers should be aware of nursing and research ethics. The decision on what to study, participants, and termination of the interviews and documentation of the results of the case study, should be based on ethical deliberation (Melton, 2004). Ethics is crucial in nursing research since it helps to set the competence boundaries. All nurses conducting research should work within their competence boundaries. Also, ethics enable researchers make informed consent where the information has to be judged to avoid confusing the people. Valid consent for participation in research depends on understanding, and freedom from deception and coercion. The information to the participants should be presented in written form and orally (Chamberlain, 2008). Ethics helps the nurses maintain confidentiality during their research. Confidentiality is an extension for privacy and is controlled by the privacy Act. Participants should trust that confidentiality is maintained for the information they give. Ethics ensure that the participants are free from risks and injuries during the research. This should encompass physical and non-physical wellbeing. In questioning, the researcher is entitled to maintain what is ethical. Ethics also ensures quality where the review committee assesses the ethical implications of the research proposals. Also, honesty in reporting is enhanced where the researcher publishes the process and findings to allow for peer scrutiny ...Show more

Summary

The current regulations in clinical research originated from a combination of history and ethical thoughts. The term ‘ethics’ is from ‘ethos’, which is a Greek word for character or custom. …
Author : shammes
Ethics and IRB essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Ethics and IRB"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Ethics
Before the study was initiated in 1928, the U.S Public Health Services (PHS) had already completed a study in Mississippi in which 25% of the participants who were all black had tested positive for the disease. The objective of the study was to compare the natural progression of syphilis in untreated poor African Americans who were followed up for a period of 40 years with a healthy control population who were free of the disease.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
IRB Critique
design, the proposed qualitative method will allow me to test specific hypothesis that supports my research questions in a moderate sample size of educators: (a) a qualitative survey that I propose to administer to a random sample of 25 K-12 teachers, and (b) a structured
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Ethics modules
The Belmont Report published in 1979 identifies three basic ethical principles that underlie all human subject research. These principles are commonly called the Belmont Principles. The Belmont Principles are respect for persons, beneficence, and
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Ethics committee approval form
Your proposed research may not proceed unless approved by the IRB. Allow at least two weeks and as long as five weeks for the IRB to review your application. Because you may be asked to submit a revised
14 pages (3500 words) Essay
A Position Paper on Institutional Research Board Requirment
In spite of this expansive movement to safeguard the wellbeing of human research subjects, including the putting up of IRBs, several
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
IRB questions
study hopes to provide a new way of looking at the relationships between men and women within marriages in order to better understand the way in which these relationships can be sustained. Marriage can only last while both individuals find fulfillment within a reasonable
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
For this Application, you will review the narrative protocol and ethics review checklist that you completed in week 7.Taking on the role of IRB reviewer, you will be giving the applicant feedback on each step of the checklist. In each step of the checklis
Some of the elements of validity are accuracy and precision. Validity however faces constant threats and this paper discusses unwarranted generalization of
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Apply for The Institutional Review Board (IRB) For My Thesis Program Improvement
Annually, local educational agencies are responsible for implementing specific federal and state requirements that they are in Program Improvement (PI) status. When in
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Discussion post
The IRB in the organization represents a reasonable amount of diversity regarding scientific field, professional background, race, gender, and ethnicity. In addition, it involves non- scientists
1 pages (250 words) Essay
IRB Company
IRB needs to know these people are really in a position to grant approval. You mention using companies in both Brazil and Spain. You need to also include Spain in the Assurance of Adherence to Governmental Regulations concerning Human Subjects form in the portfolio. Only Spanish companies located in Brazil are to be included. 
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation