The Nurse?s Responsibility in the Prevention of Medication Errors Student's Name and Last Name Management Resources Institute Professor Ismary Ruiz ENC1101 Final Research Paper Date: Abstract Nursing is a wide subject that involves multiple specialties varies in the different countries found within the planet…
‘‘The problem of medication errors can be avoided only when the nurses take a keen interest on their jobs by being highly skilled in their profession’’ (Joint Commission Resources, Inc. 2001, 13). Nurses Responsibility in the Prevention of Medication Errors Have you ever imagined a world where there are no nurses? Individuals would be succumbing to deaths from various causes like injuries to sickness. Nurses’ role can never be underestimated as they play a significant part in saving lives in both public and hospital hospitals since in most cases medication errors leads to ‘‘complex sorrows’’ (Cohen, 2007, 50). This essay discusses nurses’ responsibility in the prevention of medications errors. One of the duties of a nurse is the administration of drugs. Even when the other processes of treatment have been properly completed, wrong administration of drugs can lead to serious problems to the patient. ‘‘Some of the worst medication errors involve some of the best and experienced practitioners’’ (Cohen, 2007, 49) It is therefore necessary for the nurse to ensure that the drugs reach the patient through the correct route. An example, oral liquid medications meant for administration through a gastric tube have been given intravenously ear drops have been instilled in the eye and eye drops in the ear (Joint Commission Resources, Inc. 2001). Another role of the nurse is patient education. It is the responsibility of the nurse to educate their patients on safe medication use. The patient should be fully aware of what each of the medications are for, the way they should be taken, how it appears, and how they functions to be to help reduce the likelihood of medication errors. Nurses should, therefore, counsel and educate their patients about their medications at all times. Since nurses administer medicines and injections to patients; they are also bound to ensure that there are no dose miscalculations to help reduce medication errors. Dose miscalculations are extremely common medications drugs administered intravenously and medications used for pediatric patients. Studies have shown that errors in dose calculations in pediatric, are not only common but also fatal: mistakes of 10 fold or more happen up to 1.5% of the time (Joint Commission Resources, Inc. 2001). Nurses should accurately apply the three methods before administering doses to their patients to prevent medication errors. They are the basic formula which is commonly used by nurses in most hospitals, ratio and proportion methods which is outdated as it was used before the advent of technology, and the fractional calculation method. Accurate administration of calculated doses assist in the medication administration process as it leads to better quality information with which a doctor or nurse should prescribe a treatment. Nurses are also tasked with admitting and discharging patients; therefore, they are expected to get the information regarding the patients’ history and other medical details. This information is helpful in cases where the patient has an allergy to the same medication he is to be put on. ‘Failure by the nurse to take correct history of allergy can lead to serious problems in the event of administration of drugs that causes allergic reactions to the patient’. The Lesar and colleagues study on factors associated with prescribing errors found out that the allergy to drug rate was 11.7%, a ...
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According to the IOM, a medical error is referred to as “failure of a planned action to be completed as intended or the use of a wrong plan to achieve an aim”. Most of the medical errors are preventable to the extent that inappropriate treatments and unsafe use should be avoided in clinical practice (Patel, 2004).
This is because the nursing training school is the only place where the nurse is expected to be equipped with the principles and practices worthy of a nurse. In a bid to ensure that standards are maintained, there are a number of bodies and institutions who are tasked with the responsibility to setting standards and enforcing them.
Medication errors can occur at various stages from the prescription of a drug by the physician up to dispensing and administering the drug to the patient. Medication errors need to be controlled in order to prevent fatal conditions like drug as a result of adverse drug reactions. Hospitals have taken several safety and precautionary steps.
Medication errors have been categorized as prescribing, dispensing and administrative errors as they can occur at any of the above stages and lead to serious or even fatal complications in some cases. Though medication errors mostly happen by chance and physicians or nurses concerned do not deliberately commit the errors.
It works by killing sensitive or the growth of bacteria. The common side effects are severe allergic reactions in the form of itching, rash, hives, tightness in the chest and swellings on the lips or tongue. Dizziness and hearing loss are also common after intake.
rding to Orlando Regional Healthcare, Education & Development, “the most frequent cause for human error is related to fatigue and exhaustion”( ORHED 12 ). Although this is understandable, the consequences however , have serious repercussions. In fact, AM Medical news
ndoubtedly essential because a wrong move from them is capable of leading to medication errors and in the process risking the lives of patients their hands. The problem of medication errors can be avoided only when the nurses take a keen interest on their jobs by being highly
This is a worrying trend that needs immediate attention if the health facility is to meet its objectives. In order to get back on the right track, the board needs to take drastic measures to remedy the situation. One such measure is to improve communication among the nurses, other employees, and the board.
It entails both study of physiological effects of drugs as well as the mechanisms of such action incorporating the correlation between the actions and effects within their chemical structures.
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