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Introduction to Nursing research - Essay Example

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Introduction to Nursing research

Also, nurses or nurse practitioners will be the ones who administer this assistance. The purpose of this study as explained by the authors was to assess whether self-monitoring of blood glucose was effective in treating the glycemic control of the patient and in helping them deal with the psychological effects of being newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. There were no specific research questions in this study but one could assume that the research questions were: Will patients who are newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes show improvement in glycemic control because of their self-management? Also, will immediate feedback insure compliance with medication requirements and determine patient attitude toward their disease? These questions can be inferred by the two-fold purpose of the study(O’Kane et al., 2008). The basic concept is that the researchers wanted to understand how self-monitoring effected the attitudes and the self-monitoring of newly diagnosed patients with type 2 diabetes. The phenomena studied was type 2 diabetes in adult males, aged 70 or older (O’Kane et al., 2008). Methods of Study Research Design and Sample This was a quantitative study that used a “a randomised controlled trial” (O’Kane et al., 2008, para. 11) that used two groups. ...
Some doctors referred specific participants. The exclusion criteria for the participants was patients that were in secondary stages of diabetes, those who used insulin or who were already self-monitoring, those who had major diseases within the last six months, those with chronic kidney or liver disease, and those who were abusing alcohol (O’Kane et al., 2008). Procedures Patients were selected randomly from those patients who were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and were referred to the diabetes clinic at the hospital where the study was being conducted. Once patients went through an initial assessment, those who were eligible for the study were randomly assigned to either the intervention or the no monitoring group. They were given an allocation code that was presented to them inside a sealed envelope. The diabetes nurse that was conducting the study, at each location, was responsible for administering the treatment allocation (O’Kane et al., 2008). Patients in the intervention group (self-monitoring) were provide with a specific glucose meter and they were told how to use it. They were asked to complete a total of eight monitor cycles, four that were fasting, and four that were “postprandial capillary blood glucose” (O’Kane, et al.,2008, para. 15). They were also supposed to write responses to any high or low readings each week. They also told participants what exactly to look for to improve a low or high score (e.g. getting exercise, or reviewing that day’s diet when readings were high). Patients were also monitored by the nurse who downloaded the meter readings that were given by patients. Patients in the control group (non-monitoring) were asked to purchase their ...Show more

Summary

Nursing Essay Type 2 Diabetes Name of of University Nursing Essay Type 2 Diabetes The article by O’Kane, Bunting, Copeland, and Coates (2008) provided a study about how type 2 diabetes patients who were new to this diagnosis, were able to cope with self-monitoring…
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