Annotated Bibliography on Nursing Theory/Practice Model (The Mcgill Model of Nursing) Abstract This paper considers the McGill model of nursing, in particular in two annotated texts, one concerned with how it is worked out in one nurse’s community practice, and the second with how it is being used in a school of nursing…
One model of nursing was that nurses would take on some task previously the domain of the medical profession. Another view was that health was strongly linked to such things as a person’s life style and health habits. This model, promoted by Dr Moyra Allen, ( Gottleib and Rowat 1987) sees nurses as active promoters of good health. It was a model that originated in a community situation, and so is rather different from other models such as ‘A model for nursing based on a model of living’ as put forward in the United Kingdom by Roper, Logan and Tierney (1995) which, although including some information from community districts and a psychiatric hospital, as well as a maternity unit, reads very much as if it were only general hospital based. The McGill model is one in which the nurse is not acting as a substitute for a doctor, as sometimes happens with modern day nurse practitioners , but is one where she plays a complementary role to other health workers in a variety of situations. This model can be generalized across all settings. It is concerned with coping with situations, but also making adaptions and developing new ways of dealing with things together with the individuals, the families, and the wider communities involved. This model is concerned with the family as the context for health and, just as families are all different and change from time to time, so this must be a dynamic model capable of adaptation in a variety of ways. This however may also be why it is often not used, as it does not present with a simple ‘first do this and then do that’ method which results in an agreed and expected result every time. Several articles on this topic were found. The web page ‘Nursing Theories , 2012, lists many other possible models such as the Betty Neuman’s System Model, Roy’s Adaption Model and ‘The Three C’s of Lydia Hall’ – Care, Cure and Core . Out of McGill model ideas Sharon Denham developed her book ‘Family Health’ based upon her community family based practice in Ohio. The article by Gottleib and Rowat ( 1987) points out how other models are concerned with dealing with the disabilities caused by illness or injury, whereas the McGill model is more concerned with seeing the possibilities of a situation , giving the vivid example of a boy who has injured his right hand, and how he took this on as a challenge as to how he could soon learn to become adept with his left hand. The writers see the process as being aimed at the achievement of life goals. It does however work from the view that individuals and their families have the inner strengths, the resources and the abilities, to come up with viable coping mechanisms. Denham, S., Family Health , 2003 http://www.diabetesfamily.net/family/family-health-model/textbook/ This was based upon the author’s own practice and research as a qualified nurse, and how families in the Appalachians ‘defined and practiced family health within their households.’ She looked at their routines and habits, including those bad habits which negatively affected family health. She also looked at how families altered their practices around health, and also identified the context in which these people lived. The audience is other nurses having to deal with families in their own diverse communities. The author presents her case very clearly, showing her fellow nurses how to identify a number of different strategies related to health interventions. ...
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In professional practice model our solely focus is on professional nursing practice model. The purpose of this paper is to highlight the professional practice model/professional nursing practice model and its purpose. Overview of Professional Practice Model The professional nursing model (PNM) goes by many names, professional practice model, practice model etc and is defined as system that support registered nurses control over the delivery of care and the environment in which that care is delivered.
Fabozzi, N. (2010). Meeting the challenge of next generation nursing: what health IT vendors need to know. Frost & Sullivan. There are high expectations by the health care fraternity for the nurses to take a collective responsibility to achieve the institutional goals of delivering quality health care services to patients.
Moyra Allen described the theories supporting the model in1996. The model is of Canadian origin, and is one of the models adopted by nurses in improving the efficiency of their services. The model highlights that families have potentials, assets, and strengths that can play a critical in improving health.
It aims at achieving a desirable level of health standards and at sustaining achieved levels for quality of life. In order to achieve these objectives, nurses apply diversified strategies such as theories and models as bases for developing approaches to provision of care.
Apparently, the future needs and the opportunities for enhancing nursing trends in the sector shall be crucial to analyze, so as to infer the justness and rationality of the proposed restructuring mechanism. Discussion Expectedly, as per the proposed restructuring strategy in the sector, nurses will be assigned with more significant roles in the community owing to which the trends of nursing practice will grow immensely in the public healthcare system and get shifted from the acute or intense care hospital divisions, to a certain extent.
The author states that Neuman’s model was presented through an interrelated concept, with logic consistency and a reasonable order. The model is embraced in the nursing practice due to the simplicity nature, direct approach and an identifiable dimension. The relevance of the model is widely used as a nursing education application with applicable practice.
They also began developing nursing theory as a foundation for nursing practice and education. This endeavor has presented nurses with the motivation to examine nursing's heritage, its goals and the values upon which nursing is based.
This paper is intended to highlight the contribution of one of these nursing scholars, Ida Jean Orlando, who presented his theory with the title of "Deliberative Nursing Process Model".
The core concept of the theory is in realizing the need for a global perspective to be formed in the practice of nursing all over the world. The Sunrise Enabler is useful in studying all the dimensions of this theory in a systematic way (Murphy, 2006).
In the essay the writer recognizes that persons are whole, and have connections with each other in family and community settings. These three values help in actualizing the values of primary health care. His model allows for intersectional collaboration, essentiality, as well as community participation.
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