Metabolic Syndrome Institution Date submitted Metabolic syndrome (MetS) consists of pathological conditions that involve arterial hypertension, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, and visceral adiposity, which lenience the progress of cardiovascular diseases…
The most used criteria are those of the NCEP-ATP III, and IDF. According to the research carried out on US residents using the NCEP-ATP III standards, the unadjusted and age-adjusted prevalence of MetS were 21.8% and 23.7%, respectively (Byrne, 2011). Prevalence is higher when using IDF standards than using the NCEP-ATP III standards. For instance, in the comparison of the two organization’s standards, the age-adjusted prevalence of MetS established by NCEP-ATP III was 24.5%, whereas that of IDF was 43.4%. In other words, the prevalence of MetS rises consistently with increasing age unconventionally of sex, from 6.7% in individuals aged 20 to 29 years, to 43.5% for individuals aged 60 to 69 years, and 42% for individual aged 70 years and older (Byrne, 2011). In addition, although there is no postulated information for adolescents and children, the overall prevalence of MetS in these groups is approximated to be 4.2% (6.1% for boys and 2.1 for girls), increasing to 6.8% amongst overweight and 28.7% in obese adolescents. Also, the study indicates that, the prevalence of MetS are similar for men and women, however, higher in black women than men, and lower in white women than men (Codario, 2011). The underlying pathophysiology for MetS is still an issue of concern amongst various professional organizations resulting to inconsistencies in the way MetS is defined. Each definition has its benefit and drawbacks. However, insulin resistance and obesity has been identified to be the key contributing factors. Although insulin resistance is the core cause of glucose and fatty acid tolerance, it does not enlighten the alterations seen in endothelial dysfunction, lipid metabolism, systemic inflammation, blood pressure, and hypercoagulability. Laboratory measurement of insulin resistance is challenging, and, however, researches have indicated fasting insulin levels as a substitute, absence of analyze standardization makes this approach impractical (Awad, 2010). On the other hand, other exponents have suggested that although abdominal obesity may be the key cause of MetS, still insulin resistance occur in up to 15% of non-obese individuals. High free fatty acids can promote hypercholesterolemia, impact endothelial dysfunction, and impair insulin sensitivity, thus encouraging hypertension (Kurian, & Thompson, 2012). Adipose tissue has been denoted to be an active endocrine organ that impacts inflammatory cytokines, generates adipokines, affects insulin resistance, and influence CV risk by playing a role in impaired glucose tolerance, hypertension, and dyslipidemia, thus strengthening the link between inflammatory and obesity (Kurian, & Thompson, 2012). All these approaches have been attributed to the pathophysiology of MetS. However, the question is, “why is the pathophysiology of metabolic syndrome significant?” Metabolic syndrome raises the individual risk of coronary artery disease (CAD), even beyond CAD caused by high LDL cholesterol alone. This helps the patient and all healthcare providers to take measures of preventing and managing CAD immediately (Preedy, & Watson, 2010). Metabolic syndrome is described by several signs and symptoms. These involve elevated triglycerides, large waist circumferences (abdominal obesity), low levels of HDL, high blood pressure, and high fasting blood glucose. As suggested by NCEP-ATP III, criteria used in diagnosis for metabolic syndrome involve body size, level of blood glucose, individual’ ...
Cite this document
(“Metabolic Syndrome Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/nursing/87858-metabolic-syndrome
(Metabolic Syndrome Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
“Metabolic Syndrome Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/nursing/87858-metabolic-syndrome.
This is repeated in all categories as dictated by the time factor of 6, 12, 18, and 24 months. The relevance and inclusion criterion for this arrangement is due to the fact that data is presented randomly and does not match particular test subjects. Therefore, rearranging the data to follow a numerical chronology makes it easy for analyzing with regards to values and figures.
In case of stressed conditions, the body would require more energy and glucose to handle the stress; therefore, more hormones. The main hormones involved in preparing the body for handling stress are adrenalin and cortisol. These hormones
e proportion of deaths due to chronic diseases will rise to nearly 70% and the global burden of disease will increase to 56%, with most of the increase happening in the African and Eastern Mediterranean regions of the world (Al-Maskari, 2010).
Lifestyle choices and marketing
Myocardial Infarction: This is an obstruction of blood flow to the heart which leads to a heart attack. The obstruction occurs for a prolonged period of time leading to dystrophy of the heart muscles.
The prevalence of MetS depends on the measures applied to establish inclusion and the composition of the targeted population (ethnicity, age, race, sex). The most used criteria are those of the NCEP-ATP III, and IDF. According
Expressive therapy can allow the examination of an individual’s feelings and his emotions through the applications of different styles like dancing and music (Knill and Levine, 2005). Different principles exist that guide
bates relating to the correlation between processed food and disease, and you will no doubt agree that unless we change the status quo more and more Americans will succumb to chronic conditions like obesity and diabetes.
I am therefore writing to ask for your support for HR
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Assignment on topic Metabolic Syndrome for FREE!