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Is oral sucrose an effective method of pain relief for pre-term neonates?
Pages 20 (5020 words)
Oral Sucrose as an Effective Method of Pain Relief for Preterm Neonates: A Literature Review The use of oral sucrose in the management of pain in preterm neonates has been an important area of research in nursing and health sciences profession. Preterm neonates are more susceptible to the potential adverse effects of medications because of underdeveloped organs for metabolism and excretion of drug components.
Preterm neonates undergo several diagnostic procedures in the clinics and hospital, from vitamin K injection during the first hours after being delivered up to heel pricks for blood sampling to detect metabolic aberrations few days after being discharged. Some preterm neonates also undergo necessary resuscitation and ventilation to sustain and support life of premature vital organs. These situations warrant the administration of drugs and behavioral interventions like opioid analgesics, local and general anesthetics, sedative/ hypnotics, NSAIDS, and sucrose (Anand et al 2006, p. 11). While there are several researches performed to validate the efficiency of these agents in neonates, the issue on safety on the preterm neonates remains an active area of debate. In this review, research articles from journals in scholarly databases such as Cochrane databases and PubMed were evaluated and compared based on their relevant evidence on the practice of using oral sucrose in preterm neonates. Only the studies that utilized a randomized controlled trial designs were selected. The design and number of participants utilized in the studies will be considered and discussed in this paper. ...
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