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Mutiple Sclerosis - Research Paper Example

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Mutiple Sclerosis

This process can ultimately result to malfunctioning of the entire nervous system, which is irremediable. In addition, this disease is commonly reported among the female gender besides affecting young adults. At certain incidences, the infection may lead to either physical or cognitive disability (Kalb, 2011). Hence, worsen the ailing person’s condition because it assumes either relapse or progressive state (Kalb 2011). Pathophysiology The disease’s pathophysiology is widely unknown to many, though numerous studies are underway with the intention of ascertaining other factors about it (Lezzoni, 2010). Multiple Sclerosis presents itself in two phases (Lezzoni, 2010). The initial phase encompasses brain hidden damage whereas the second is spinal cord paralysis (Lezzoni, 2010). During these phases, most lesions characterize the silent areas of brain damage thus, becoming difficult for doctors to detect them. What follows is infiltration of immune cells known as demyelination (Lezzoni, 2010). The depiction of this state mostly encompasses white matter and lesions appearing mainly in a peri-ventricular pattern (Lezzoni, 2010). Besides the intense injury of the normal white matter, the illness also damages cortex and profound gray material nuclei (Lezzoni, 2010). Symptoms of this illness majorly occur due to the accumulation of lesions in the central nervous system (Lezzoni, 2010). The most notable symptoms of this disease encompass lapses, which are due to axonal conduction at the trace of the lesions (Lezzoni, 2010). Clinical manifestations Multiple sclerosis lesions in the brain and spinal cord lead to the damage of numerous central nervous system parts (Lezzoni, 2010). The disease professes various clinical symptoms that can be either mild or aggressive. For instance, numbness in limbs, slurred speech, fatigue and dizziness which represent mild symptoms, whereas vision impairment, pain in various body parts, lack of body coordination and balance breakdowns encompass aggressive symptoms (Lezzoni, 2010). Infected persons are extremely sensitive to temperature whereby elevated heat levels may trigger or worsen the multiple sclerosis symptoms (Lezzoni, 2010). Multiple sclerosis specifically affects brain’s cerebellum leading body imbalance and absence of coordination (Lezzoni, 2010). The nerve fibers that are responsible for pain touch and temperature sensations are destroyed leading to numbness and lack of sensitivity from the victim (Lezzoni, 2010). Nursing interventions Patients suffering from this malady necessitate adequate and timely medical attention with the intention of prolonging their lives in spite of having the disease and experiencing severe symptoms (Kalb, 2011). Since, the predicament has no recognized cure besides attributed to cause emotional breakdown both to the victim and their family members (Lezzoni, 2010). Therefore, victims need both psychological and emotional support, which prevents them from stigmatization. This is for the affected parties to continue with their lives despite faced with the disease (Kalb, 2011). However, the person should not be in exposed to elevated heat levels or indulge in any strenuous activities because these worsen the disease’ symptoms. Since, the disease has no known cure whereby the available treatments only focus on controlling its lapses besides other mild symptoms ...Show more


Multiple Sclerosis Name Professor Institution Course Date Key words: Nervous System, Multiple Sclerosis, Treatment, Symptoms, Disease, Peri-Ventricular, Introduction It is a nervous system predicament that affects both brain and spinal cord (Kalb, 2011). The disease damages the myelin sheath, which is a layer surrounding nerve cells (Kalb, 2011)…
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