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Multiple Sclerosis Name Professor Institution Course Date Key words: Nervous System, Multiple Sclerosis, Treatment, Symptoms, Disease, Peri-Ventricular, Introduction It is a nervous system predicament that affects both brain and spinal cord (Kalb, 2011). The disease damages the myelin sheath, which is a layer surrounding nerve cells (Kalb, 2011).
This process can ultimately result to malfunctioning of the entire nervous system, which is irremediable. In addition, this disease is commonly reported among the female gender besides affecting young adults. At certain incidences, the infection may lead to either physical or cognitive disability (Kalb, 2011). Hence, worsen the ailing person’s condition because it assumes either relapse or progressive state (Kalb 2011). Pathophysiology The disease’s pathophysiology is widely unknown to many, though numerous studies are underway with the intention of ascertaining other factors about it (Lezzoni, 2010). Multiple Sclerosis presents itself in two phases (Lezzoni, 2010). The initial phase encompasses brain hidden damage whereas the second is spinal cord paralysis (Lezzoni, 2010). During these phases, most lesions characterize the silent areas of brain damage thus, becoming difficult for doctors to detect them. What follows is infiltration of immune cells known as demyelination (Lezzoni, 2010). The depiction of this state mostly encompasses white matter and lesions appearing mainly in a peri-ventricular pattern (Lezzoni, 2010). Besides the intense injury of the normal white matter, the illness also damages cortex and profound gray material nuclei (Lezzoni, 2010). ...
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