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Law and Ethics in Health and Social Care
Pages 20 (5020 words)
“Valid Consent to Treatment” 1a. Analyse the major moral theories and deal critically with argument for and against their use. Among legal theorists, the association between the law and morality has been debated over long years. As per McComack, It is being argued by the natural law theorists that legal rules are only legitimate if footed upon moral values whereas legal positivists argue that legal rules are social makeup, and their subsistence is not reliant on any specific moral value.
For instance, in UK and Wales, it is essential to get consent from a patient who is an offender under NOMS 2007. (Eher et al 2011:33). Two fundamental theories on medical ethics have been specifically powerful in the British medical profession in the last 250 year, and they are viz. Utilitarianism or Consequentialism – This based on simple concept, and this concept demands for the outcomes of each action to be resolved and that with the predictable most favourable outcome is the best way to adhere. The most constructive outcome is one where there exist the least human pains and most contentment. Deontological or Duty-based ethics- This theory utters that medical professionals are duty-bound to some actions in their medical practice despite the outcomes. For instance, it is significant to be honest ever with their patients. ...
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