We aim to look deeply into the methods used in this research to come to a conclusion whether the results that are given are credible and whether we can be relied on. In this study a sample group of 61 adolescents diagnosed with cancer is used. This number is not good enough as there are many types of cancer and a larger group would have given better results. The reference group used to compare the mental health and vitality of the patients and the adolescents who were normal comprised of 300 young adults. Interviews were done by phone which brings in the possibility of lack of integrity. Though we can’t rule out the possibility that the adolescents interviewed gave correct information, they could also have given false information as there was no direct contact with the interviewer (Woodgate, 1999, Parry & Chesler, 2005). In the study we are not given the names of the adolescents who were interviewed. That speaks positively of the condition of anonymity required for social and scientific surveys. From the results, the adolescents diagnosed with cancer show reduced mental health and vitality, their depression levels are high compared to that of the reference group which shows higher levels of mental health and vitality and lower levels of depression. This report can be faulty taking that many of the patients receive treatment after a period of time and they are likely to undergo depression at such times due to the effect of the therapies. The adolescents can therefore suffer from low mental health and vitality for as long as they are undergoing the treatment and then the levels of mental health and vitality start rising once treatment is over. The results are collected up to 48 months after the first test. The study concludes that their mental health at that time is higher than that of the reference group. This is also a matter of probabilities as the adolescents suffer from other problems like lack of funds, they are unable to play well, some drop from school as their parents or guardians are not willing to continue paying for their fees, some feel isolated and also some feel that their parents are too caring always calling them to check whether they are safe and taking medication (Collins et al., 2000; Ware & Kosinki, 2001; Tedeschi & Calhom 2004). There are also other problems which come as a consequence of smarting from cancer like change of facial appearance and baldness which can make the adolescents’ esteem to be very low. This can cause lower mental health and vitality and can cause the levels of depression to be higher than that of the reference group. The increased mental health could have been attributed to accepting the situation and learning to live with it and also by efforts from counseling and guidance which are not mentioned in the study. There are other disorders that make the adolescents to have low mental health and vitality apart from cancer. The reference group that was used does not reflect such a situation. It is common to find adolescents who are suffering from diseases like diabetes and TB which as well will cause the levels of depression to rise. This means that at one time the reference sample may show results where the
A STUDY ON ASPECTS OF LIFE, ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION ON ADOLESCENTS DIAGNOSED WITH CANCER AND THE LIFE OF ADOLESCENTS LIVING WITH CANCER. By: Presented to: Institution: Date: Larsson’s Study This is a study that was conducted to investigate the kind of life that adolescents who are diagnosed with cancer live, how they are affected, whether their mental functioning remains the same, whether they are depressed and anxious taking that this is the age which is very crucial in their lives (Stam, Gootenhuis & Last, 2001; Barr et al, 1999; Apajasalo et al, 1996)…
This being the case, it becomes necessary to understand what exactly Evidence based practice (EBP) is and why it is such an important contribution in the medical field. To start with evidence based practice is a resource intensive method that allows medical practitioners make decisions that help them promote healthcare using available evidence.
This essay addresses the barriers that exist against using evidence-based practice in the treatment of atrial fibrillation. It will also evaluate different strategies that can be used to develop the use of evidence-based practice among critical nurses who tend to older patients suffering from atrial fibrillation.
The clients of this facility are the elderly patients who require nursing care services. Those with physical disability are also attended to in this care home. Physiotherapy, independent living training and palliative care are the services offered in the care home (Care and Social Services Inspectorate Wales, 2012).
Furthermore, some interventions which reliable researches showed to have significant benefits have been largely ignored. By bringing together the results of research in a systematic way, appraising its quality in the light of question being asked synthesizing the results in an explicit way and making the knowledge base more accessible, it is hoped to foster a greater sensitivity to the evidence by researchers, policy makers, health practitioners and the public.
However, the use of the term "evidence based" had confused many practitioners. Several researches were done to clarify the term. Aside from misconceptions and misinterpretations, evidence based nursing practice is also plagued with debates and issues that need to be resolved.
Its goal is to eliminate unsound or excessively risky practices in favour of those that have better outcomes.
"Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) is a thoughtful integration of the best available evidence, coupled with clinical expertise. As such it enables health practitioners of all varieties to address healthcare questions with an evaluative and qualitative approach.
These companions could either be in the institution where the patient is, in a private home that offers care to such patients, or could be family members or other people paid to care for the patient (Klonsky 1039).
ed need for the increase in the number of Acute Care for the Elderly Units to allow for the provision of specialized quality care for this group of patients (Jaipaul & Rosenthal, 2009; British Geriatric Society, 2012).
With geriatric care being a key area of interest for me,
Thus, they ensure that the participants remain updated on any new occurrences during the research process.
Evidence-based practice is a critical approach to offer the unsurpassed quality care to patients as
Similarly, evidence-based practice (EBP) is more of a specific approach, which can be part of the EBT (Spitz et al., 2007). The EBP approach involves the concerned family members through the treatment process, engaging with direct communication with the patient through
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