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RUNNING HEAD: Asthma in Children Title: Asthma in Children: Use of Nebulizer versus Metered dose Inhalers Using Spacers for delivering Albuterol in Acute Asthma in Children Name of the student: Under the guidance of: University: APA Format Word Count: Date of submission: Use of Nebulizer versus Metered dose Inhalers Using Spacers for delivering Albuterol in Acute Asthma in Children Introduction Asthma is a condition in which there is reversible obstruction of the airways secondary to hyperreactivity of the bronchi and chronic inflammation.
Children with acute exacerbation of asthma are frequently seen in out-patient settings and emergency rooms. They are administered bronchodilators like albuterol to cause relief of symptoms. Albuterol is administered either through metered dose inhalers-spacer or jet nebulizer. Metered dose-inhaler spacer is an efficient and useful method of delivering albuterol for bronchodilatation. It delivers the drug quickly and can cause effects in few seconds. Delivery of the drug can be optimized using suitable mask. On the other hand nebulization is also an effective tool to deliver the drug. It is however cumbersome and needs atleast 15 minutes for one dose administration. The most commonly used delivery systems for asthma are nebulizers, dry-powder inhalers and metered dose inhalers with or without spacers (Smith and Goldman, 2012). In children less than 5 years of age, it is not possible to generate adequate inspiratory inflow and hence, effective use of dry-powder inhaler devices is not possible. ...
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