This focuses on diabetes education and self-management. The purpose of this paper is to explore one keystone quantitative study that aims to measure the efficacy of this type of approach using 8 patients and some previously approved tools. It is evident from this paper that this method can be very helpful for patients and therefore should be incorporated into diabetes nursing. As previously mentioned, type II diabetes is on the rise in industrialized countries and therefore its management poses a significant problem to clinicians. As the disorder can be self-managed in a majority of cases, it can be useful to educate patients about the best way to approach their own health (Esden & Nichols, 2013). However, many patients may lack the knowledge or the expertise to really understand their disease and their health, meaning that many nurses feel that education could really be beneficial to diabetes patients managing their own care. The purpose of this study was to give sessions to eight diabetes patients who were willing to participate about diabetes in the hope that this would make them feel more in control of their outcomes and overall health. The research study gathered eight patients with informed consent for three group sessions about various topics concerning diabetes and health (Esden & Nichols, 2013). These were held monthly. The first and the last session were slightly longer as these had pre- and post-intervention tests to measure the patient’s knowledge about diabetes to see if the intervention was useful to them (Esden & Nichols, 2013). Additionally, several health measurements were taken (height, weight, blood pressure). The three assessment measures used were the Brief Diabetes Knowledge Test, the Diabetes Empowerment Scale, and the Diabetes Care Profile (Esden & Nichols, 2013). This type of method is good because it covers how the patients improved in their knowledge of diabetes over the time period, and the three scales used are clinically approved and recognized in the community. Results were analyzed using SPSS, another recognized tool, adding support to the results. Overall, all the participants showed a significant improvement on all three scales (Esden & Nichols, 2013). This suggests that these sessions could be useful in improving the knowledge of those with diabetes, which previous studies have shown to improve outcomes. This means that this type of session could have a huge impact on nursing practice if instated correctly. Although it must be considered that patients may not necessarily attend the sessions (two who had signed up for the study did not attend), the benefit to those who do could greatly outweigh the costs of providing the sessions. Providing this type of session could be done by a nurse practitioner who specialized in diabetes and should follow a similar format to that found effective in this study. The sessions would promote knowledge of diabetes pathophysiology, portion sizes, exercise regimes and preventative care (as seen in the study) which are all shown to have positive patient outcomes for those with diabetes and could prevent some of the complications that sometimes occur. In some cases, many of the symptoms of diabetes could be eradicated with a strong knowledge of exercise and diet needs. As with any piece of nursing research, there are some ethical considerations. All the
Patient Education in Diabetes Care Name University Name Type II diabetes is now one of the most common illnesses in the western world, linked to rising levels of obesity, longevity and sedentary lifestyles. This means that nursing practice needs to incorporate good levels of care for these individuals and a strong understanding of the illness and its causes (Esden & Nichols, 2013)…
The reason for this is that one of these, i.e. questionnaire brings out just numbers and information while the focus group methodology aims to explore how and why these numbers or information sets have come up from and what are the exact reasons behind the very same.
The author describes Quantitative Research as ‘the method which investigates the why and how of decision making, not just what, where and when’. It was noted that qualitative research presents data in language form which is gathered from the study area. In qualitative research, it is thought that the researcher can learn the most by participating.
Health organizations are finding it difficult to attract or retain quality employees. Reports from the US Bureau of Statistics predict that demand for registered nurses will increase by 60% by 2018 (Davis, Ward, Woodall, Shultz, & Davis, 2007). In addition, 50% of all nursing graduate leave their first job within the first two years.
Success or failure of any social research directly depends upon the method chosen. Consequently, in order to choose the most appropriate method of collecting information the researcher must be aware of the peculiarities, advantages and disadvantages of each method applicable to the realm he/she works in.
These paradigms have repercussions for how facts or findings are represented, interpreted, and disseminated, and each methodology has strengths and weaknesses. Proponents of quantitative methodology argue that behavioural patterns can be studied objectively and numerically.