Therefore, the effective measure for preventing this communicable disease is to offer influenza vaccinations to ageing people. Influenza is a public health issue because it is an acute viral infection, which can spread from one individual to another, and it circulates across the globe and can affect many aging people at a higher rate. According to the WHO report, global influenza epidemics result to 3 to 5 million of severe cases yearly and this contributes to death rates of approximately 500, 000 deaths where the majority are the ageing people of 65 years and above (Ryu, Kim, Park and Park (2011 p. 4197). Influenza causes annual epidemics and the winter seasons or temperate areas are the peak seasons for influenza. This illness can take economic toll because of heavy expenditure on provision of healthcare services not only to the aging population but also to children who are dependent. The essay explores the determinants of influenza in aging people and analyzes the inequalities, as well as, policies that impact on the public health issue. Determinants Of Influenza In Adults Age 65 Years Old And Above Ageing people are at higher risks for many vaccine preventable illnesses because this illness contributes to high morbidity and mortality rates. Influenza and pneumonia in adults are among the 8th leading cause for increased death rates among the aging people across the globe (DH 2009, p. 5). Many aging people die while others get admitted in hospitals due to complications of influenza disease. The determinant of health covers all the risk factors that may pose an individual to influenza. Social issues are among influenza determinants among the elderly populations across the globe. The research carried out revealed that social determinants such as gender, ethnicity, social-economic status, cultural beliefs and values were among the determinants of influenza in adults (Nagata (2013, p. 88). The behavioral beliefs, affordability, education or attitudes about the vaccine are also significant determinants of flu vaccine. Vaccination gains influenza virus is vital because it is one of the best methods of preventing unnecessary hospitalizations and premature death rates to elderly people. Another influenza determinant is the health care provisions among the elderly population. Since the beginning of the 20th century, timely and efficient intervention methods have been significant contributing factors for the decline of morality rates from influenza disease and other associated diseases such as cancer and coronary heart disease (Merrill 2010, p. 57). The health of aging population is influenced by varied factors including the past and present behaviors, as well as, health care provisions. There is an immense dissimilarity among the health inequalities and health determinants. The primary causes for health are frequently summed up in the slogan of dealing with the determinants for wellbeing and health inequalities. The health inequalities are tackled under the policy implementation whereby the government focuses on distribution of equal health care services to all population. Focusing on the determinant of healthcare inequalities is vital because this is one of the increased causes for widespread influenza disease. Education factor is among the social determinants of influenza and it is linked to learning disabilities for adults. The research study carried out revea
INFLUENZA IN ELDERLY AGED 65 YEARS AND ABOVE By Lecturer: Institution of Affiliation: City and State: Date: Influenza In Elderly Aged 65 Years And Above Introduction Influenza is a communicable respiratory disease which is caused by influenza viruses (Hawker, Begg, Blair, Reintjes and Weinberg 2012, p…
The WHO had worked with the aims of identification of new cases and made attempts to reduce animal health and public health risks (WHO, 2011). The continuous effort by the World Health Organization had resulted in the WHO declaring that the world was not ready to contain an influenza epidemic in 2005.
The state occupies a total surface area of 163,696 square miles. The population of California has undergone a tremendous growth in the last five decades. In 1970, the population of California was estimated to be close to 20 million people. However, the census results released in 2010 revealed that the population of California had risen to 37.25 million people (RTP, 2010).
diseases 16 Conclusion 17 References 18 Characteristics of the Bacteria Clostridium difficile is a resilient Gram-positive, anaerobic, toxin-producing bacillus that normally inhabits the gut of infants, and it is not as common in adults. In fact, it was first isolated by Hall and O’Toole in 1935 from a healthy neonate.
During the periods in which influenza viruses predominate, the rates of hospitalization for acute respiratory disease among children without high-risk conditions were approximately 12 times as high among those younger than 2 years of age than among older children and were similar to the rates among children with high-risk medical conditions who were 5 to 17 years of age.
The disease spreads easily person-to-person, cause serious illness, and can sweep across the country and around the world in very little time. This research explained what Influenza Pandemic means and categorized the three types of Influenza which are the Type A, Type B, and Type C Influenza.
The center for disease control and preventing holds the mandate to oversee successful implementation of the policy, under the department of health and human services. The comprehensive mandate includes
increase in trend has been constantly on the rise since the 1990s and continues to do so up to the present times according to the figures by the labor statistics.
There are some reasons that can be attributed to the increase in the people who stay in employment even when they
This paper explores ways of evaluating malnutrition among the elderly and health promotion interventions that can be employed to create awareness among the public. It also explores some models and behavior change theories and how they may be applied to solve the issue of malnutrition among the elderly.
Influenza A and B viruses are found in one genera, and within the other, the influenza C virus. Within the type A virus, are many subtypes distinguished by surface glycoproteins, i.e., haemagglutinin and neuraminidase (there are 15 types of these) and neuraminidase (there are nine types of these).
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