StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

The Skeletal System - Assignment Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
The Skeletal System

The appendicular skeleton, on the other hand, as the name implies, consists of the appendages, which include the upper limbs and the lower limbs. The upper limbs include the humerus, the radius and ulna, and the carpals and metacarpals. The lower limbs include the femur, the tibia, the fibula, the tarsals, and the metatarsals. Other components of the appendicular skeleton include the shoulder girdles, consisting of the scapulae and the collar bones, or clavicles, and the pelvic girdle, made up of the coxal or hip bones, which include the ilium, ischium and pubis. The appendicular skeleton functions for helping the various joints of the body perform better and make the body run in a smoother fashion. The appendicular skeleton too functions for movement, locomotion and the performance of any tasks done by the arms, hands, legs and feet (“Axial and Appendicular Skeleton”).
Detailed Functions of the Skeleton
The functions of the skeleton include providing support for soft tissues, production of red blood cells, storage of minerals and lipids, and coordination of the muscular system to effect movement and support for the body, in order to carry out the will of the individual concerning any activity that requires physical movements (“The Skeletal System” 2013). As for support and physical movement, the structure of the bone in the form of a tubular shape with a hard and dense circumference and a hollow center is the one that efficiently and effectively affords maximum support for the body.
...
As for support and physical movement, the structure of the bone in the form of a tubular shape with a hard and dense circumference and a hollow center is the one that efficiently and effectively affords maximum support for the body. Moreover, in terms of the protective support that it gives the soft organs, the skull protects the brain; the rib cage and sternum protect the lungs and the heart; and the pelvis and the pelvic girdle provide protection for the reproductive system. In terms of movement, the bones provide anchorage for the muscles. The origin is where the muscle is fixed to a bone, and the insertion is the moving point of attachment. Finally, still in terms of the movement function, bones meet other bones at joints in order to allow varying degrees of movement (“The Skeletal System – Introduction” 2013). Another function of the skeletal system, particularly the bone marrow, is to carry out hematopoiesis, or the process by which a single type of stem cell gives rise to all types of mature red blood cells in the body. In the adult human being, this is carried out by the bone marrows of the skull, and those of the ribs, sternum, vertebra, pelvis, and the proximal ends of the thigh bones or femurs (Ownby 2002). In terms of the storage of minerals and lipids, the bone is where several metabolically active minerals are stored, especially calcium, which is the most abundant mineral in the human body. Calcium is essential in regulating the intracellular activities of muscle cells and neurons. Moreover, lipids are stored in the yellow marrow of the bone. These lipids are essential in the regulation of body heat, for providing heat, and as a structural component of cell membranes (“Osseous Tissue and Bone Structure” 2013). 1.3 Structure of Bone Tissue ...Show more

Summary

Basically, the axial skeleton functions as a protective case for the internal organs of the central nervous system, which is protected by the skull and the spinal column, and the heart, which is protected by the rib cage and the breastbone (“Axial and Appendicular Skeleton” 2013). …
Author : eliezerkshlerin
The Skeletal System essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the assignment on your topic
"The Skeletal System"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Biomechanics - Body Movements
Skeletal or striated muscles usually work in groups to achieve a specific movement in the body. A bicep curl is the net effect of 2 muscles located in the upper portion of the arm. The bicep curl is a movement that takes place in conjunction with the bones to which the biceps brachii and the triceps muscles are attached respectively (McKinley & O’Loughlin, 2008).
4 pages (1000 words) Assignment
Describe the properties and functions of the smooth, skeletal and cardiac muscle. (b)Explain the sliding filament hypothesis of
The term smooth is given due to its non-striated visualization under the microscope. Smooth muscle cell is relatively short, about 30-200 micrometer in length, with fusiform shape. The cross sectional diameter is about 5-10 micrometer and unlike other types of muscles, smooth muscle cell has a single nucleus.
6 pages (1500 words) Assignment
Human growth and devleoment the late adult years
Alot of changes occur between infancy to late adulthood. In this text, we focus on the series of events or rather changes that occur during late adulthood. This is considered to be the final stage of a person’s life cycle. It starts from the age of sixty five years onwards.
4 pages (1000 words) Assignment
Anatomy and Physiology - Concepts
When fertilization occurs, the egg comes to the uterus where the development of embryo begins. The response of the ovarian cycle in case of fertilization is that the uterine lining becomes thick in anticipation of implantation of a fertilized egg. The uterine lining becomes thick because of progesterone secreted by corpus luteum that forms in the ovary.
11 pages (2750 words) Assignment
Muscular System Outine
This system is also involved in the generation of energy, which is used in the other body systems. Current research is focused on the fundamental movement skills among the adolescents and
1 pages (250 words) Assignment
Describe the properties and functions of the smooth, skeletal and cardiac muscle. (b)Explain the sliding filament hypothesis of muscle contraction. (c)Explain the properties and functions of tendons, ligaments and cartilage
The arrangement of these cells to form a muscle tissue is also unique as they do not form a syncytium but they contract individually or as group of cells. This property of smooth muscle
6 pages (1500 words) Assignment
Fluoridation and Toxicity Issues
Nevertheless, the disadvantages associated with fluoridation somehow prove that fluoridation still needs further research before it can be implemented. Fluoridation is actually
6 pages (1500 words) Assignment
Safety management
Since no other tissues grow in this cavity, the surfaces move freely against one another. Hence, they are functionally defined as freely movable joints. Some examples include ball and socket joints and hinge
1 pages (250 words) Assignment
Muscular and Skeletal system Worksheet
cate procedure that needs the recruitment of proper cells and the consequent manifestation of the proper genes at the correct time and correct, structural locations. Three phases of fracture healing exist, and are swelling, repairing, and remodeling. Proper cells include
1 pages (250 words) Assignment
Questionnaire
Which of the following bones is classified as "irregular" in shape?
1 pages (250 words) Assignment
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation