Student ID Number & Code Date Sociology Part I Exploitation is defined as “the expropriation of surplus value produced by the worker” (Buchanan 121). Przeworski defined proletariat as “a class at the level of economic relations that it spontaneously acquires consciousness of its historical mission; and that function of the party is but to assist, support, and participate in the political struggle of that economically defined class” (52)…
For example, a businessman has the power to instruct the HR manager to maximize the full potential of each employee by cutting down the number of existing employees. Social class is defined as “subgroups of human population” (Scarr 38) whereas class is defined as “a group of people with similar amounts of wealth or income” (Indabawa and Mpofu 68). Lastly, Kornblum defined life chances as “the likelihood that individuals will have access to opportunities and benefits that society values” (272). Considering people’s diffrences with regards to class, it is the minority groups within a social class are more likely to have lesser life opportunities due to financial difficulty or poverrt. For example, in the United States, minority groups like the African American, Hispanics and Latinos are the group of people with limited income. Due to financial difficulty, not all people who belongs to the lower social class are able to have good access to education. Therefore, they are the ones who usually accept blue-collar job. Mode of production is referring to the “the social relations we enter into in order to transform nature into the products necessary for our survival” (Krech et al. 187) whereas the means of production is referring to capital or anything that can be used as a tool or resources in manufacturing and delivery of goods and services (Wolf and Eriksen 77). Power is defined as “the capacity to act” or be in control (Ritzer 464). In a capitalist society, people with access to both the mode of production and the means of production are the ones who have the power to control the economic situation around him. As a common knowledge, money is power. Therefore, even if a businessman has a means of production, if the businessman has no mode of production, it would still be difficult for him to succeed in his business. Part II In the study of sociology, the conflict theory strongly suggests that the members of a given society or an organization are most likely to end up struggling in order to maximize their wealth, power, and benefits. As a result of these social and political conflicts, significant changes in politics are most likely to take place (i.e. revolutions). In the worlds of capitalism, social conflict is more likely to occur between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie. Based on some ideologies like capitalism versus socialism, it is not fair on the part of the business people to continuously abuse and exploit the workers in order to gain more wealth. For this reason, as a form of socialism, labor unions are most likely to develop in business organizations that do not treat employees equally or fairly. Even though conflict theory can be used to describe some cases wherein conflict between different groups of people arises, it remains a question as to whether or not the conflict theory can be used to represents an ideal human society. Marx argued that assets are upheld by the state. Therefore, with the purpose of owning some properties, a person may go through some conflicts or struggle with the politicians, the owner of properties, and the current renters of a property. With the purpose of earning more money, social conflict between the capitalists and workers are also most likely to occur. People who ...
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