Name Institution Tutor Date Ideological, Nationalist and Religious Terrorism The Montana Freemen were a Christian Patriot Movement that had declared themselves free from the authority of any outside government. The group started in the 1990s and believed that citizens could become fully sovereign by rejecting the federal government alongside other forms of authority…
Some of the founding members included Leroy Schweitzer, who was the head of the group, Skurdal and Daniel Petersen, and had been inspired by a former group called Posse Comitatus. Members of this group defaulted taxes and resisted the Internal Revenue Service, which auctioned most of their property to recover the taxes. However, the public feared the group and some property marked for auction remained unsold for several years (Combs, Cindy and Martin, pp. 186). The group created complicated schemes which involved filing liens worth millions of dollars against property owned by the federal or local government in Montana. This was a strategy to raise money to sustain their movement. The movement set up its own common law court and a government in Montana. The government issued arrest warrants for the members, but most of them remained in their farms, and the authorities could not arrest them. The most radical members regrouped at Clark ranch in Jordan from where they ran the movement. In 1996, the Freemen wanted to set up a radio antenna to facilitate their communication. The contracted installer was an undercover FBI agent, who lured Schweitzer and Peterson from their houses to the installation site. On reaching the site, the two Freemen were arrested by federal agents who were waiting for them. Most of the other members were arrested later and sentenced on account of several crimes. The Kurdistan Workers’ party or the PKK was founded in 1974 by Abdullah Ocalan and was initially known as the Kongra-Gel. The group, mainly composed of Turkish Kurds, began armed violence in 1984 as part of its campaign. The main objective of this movement was to establish an independent Kurdish state and government in Turkey, Northern Iraq, parts of Syria and Iran. The groups’ founder members adopted the Marxist theory as part of their liberation campaign. PKK collaborated with other militants in this region to conduct attacks against the Turkish government alongside other extremist sympathizers. The group operates in several countries and runs several training camps in Syria, Turkey, and Iraq. Their campaign involves spreading propaganda against the government, explosives and violence, sabotaging government activities, and spreading their anti-government ideologies (Balci, pp. 172). The group has been involved in several bomb attacks in Turkey, drug trafficking and kidnappings. The founder Abdullah Ocalan was arrested in 1999 and sentenced to life imprisonment. Several European countries such as France and Germany sympathize with PKK and have allowed them to open offices in their countries and offered its members support and training. The Turkish government condemns the group by referring to it as a threat to national security. Other sister organizations such as PJAK have come up and are involved in terror activities within Turkey and Iraq. PKK fighters operate from the Qandil Mountains in Iraq in a bid to limit government attacks. The Turkish government has offered the movement an opportunity to negotiate for peace, which has not been fruitful. The U.S government has been accused of giving Iraq PKK members a safe haven for the operations since the fall of Saddam Hussein (Mannes, pp. 179). The Al-Qaeda is an Islamic terror group that was founded by Osama Bin Laden in 1988. The group was founded to free Islamic countries from the profane influence of the west, especially USA and ...
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(“Terrorism Case Study Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
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(Terrorism Case Study Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
“Terrorism Case Study Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/other/10796-terrorism.
Terrorism has no face and terrorists carry out brutal acts against humanity in every conceivable way. Violence is the hallmark of any terrorist act. It has been observed that terrorists carry out their acts so as to gain a wider publicity to achieve their political and psychological motives.
The main reason behind determining some specific definition of terrorism includes the difference of opinion and variation in the criteria the `communities maintain while defining the acts of terrorism; as act, committed by an organization is taken as terrorist offence by the rivals, though the same one is regarded as a sacred and patriotic performance by the offenders.
Most of the description of terrorism usually revolve aroud those violent activities intended to create fear. The terror activities are mainly perpetrated for ideologcal, religious ar political goals and are most of the time deliberately targeted at civilians and are commited by those agencies outside the government.
The emergence and widespread use of the Internet globally has made this medium vulnerable to various threats and acts of violations of both personal and organizational privacy and security. Termed as cyber terrorism, the definition of which was revealed to have spurred difficulties in taxonomies, its meaning is hereby quoted by Gordon as: “Cyber terrorism is the convergence of terrorism and cyberspace.
Along these lines of thought Ganor (2002, p. 288) defines terrorism as "the deliberate use or the threat to use violence against civilians in order to attain political, ideological and religious aims." Tilly (2004, p. 5) expands the definition somewhat stating that terrorism is a "strategy as asymmetrical deployment of threats and violence against enemies using means that fall outside the forms of political struggle routinely operating within some current regime." Both compare terrorism is a pseudo type 'army' outside the realm of the organised political regime in power within the geographical location of the group.
intelligence analyses and policies. It is necessary to penetrate foreign intelligence organizations, governments and foreign groups with agents or by electronic or other means as per this report
The potential consequences of counterintelligence
Some of the conditions that have promoted terror activities are political and social injustices and the perception that violence could create a formidable change in the society. The outcomes of terror activities have devastating effects to social structures of the society
Three people were later on pronounced dead from the incident. Investigation into the bombings commenced immediately with investigators closely examining the footage captured in the surveillance cameras. Two
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