Bipolar disorder Introduction Bipolar disorder is a mental illness that is associated with depression and unusual excitement, elements that may occur separately or simultaneously. This paper discusses the disorder to explore its extent and nature, diagnosis, treatment, how its diagnosis is distinct from those of other disorders in the same category and cultural consequences of the disorder…
We can therefore know of our safety from mental disorders through gaining knowledge of symptoms of the disorders and establishing their absence. This, however, can be done better through specialists’ advice (Cleveland, 2009). Personal perception and understanding of mental disorder My personal opinion on mental disorders has changed to identify positivity in challenged individuals. Previously, I held the perception that the disorders cannot be managed for the victims’ positive lives. I have however learnt that the disorders are common among people but are managed to insignificant levels that allow the individuals to lead normal lives. I also now understand that mental disorder victims require psychological care support for proper management of their conditions (Helpguide, n.d.). Understanding mental disorders Understanding mental disorders should adopt a systematic professional approach that establishes root causes of the disorders. This is because of the level of complexity and diversity of the disorders with different causes, either psychological or biological. Such an understanding develops a basis for managing the mental disorders (Nairne, 2008). Impacts of culture on diagnosis of mental disorders Culture has direct impacts on diagnosis of mental disorders through defining abnormal behavior. ...
Its susceptibility level is uniform across gender as men and women shows almost same prevalence rates. Women are however slightly more vulnerable to the disorder. Bipolar disorder majorly develops during a person’s early ages, normally teenage, and predominantly consists of “depressive and maniac episodes” that alternates or simultaneously manifest (Brown, n.d., po. 1). It is estimated to affect at least ten million individuals in America, impairing the victims’ attitudes, physical potential, and ability to work. Even though it is chronic, its symptoms are periodic and are manageable through medications (Duckworth, 2006). Diagnosis Diagnosis of bipolar disorder is efficiently done through trained healthcare personnel or a specialized expert such as psychologist. It may be achieved through “physical examination, an interview, or lab tests” (Nimh, 2012, p. 1). Physical examination for example identifies a person’s abnormal energy and physical activity levels while interviews identifies significant changes in attitudes and behavior. Diagnosis can also be done through a psychiatric evaluation (Nimh, 2012). Treatment There is currently no identified treatment for bipolar disorder. A number of treatment for managing patients’ symptoms are however available to prevent hospitalization and advancement of the disorder to more serious stages. Application of “mood stabilizing medications,” “atypical antipsychotic medications,” and “antidepressant medications” has for example been adopted with each category consisting of a variety of drugs (Nimh, 2012, p. 1; Brown, n.d). Evidence based practice that identify treatment models also integrates with medicinal approaches to facilitate management of the disorder. The approaches’ diversity ...
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In a manic episode, a person experiences elevated energy levels, cognitive processing, and mood. Though it is not necessary for the diagnosis of bipolar disorder, the presence of depressive episodes are also common. Sometimes an episode may display traits of both mania and depression.
Bipolar disorders and other types of mood disorders are characterized by an occurrence of a mood that might be strange or atypical in certain situations or circumstances. This paper discusses the basic distinctive description of this illness. It describes how a person suffering from such a disorder might act around the family, friends, and society.
When an individual suffers from bipolar disorder, they experience changes in their mood that can be either short and abrupt, happening without warning, or else can last for weeks at a time. Believed to be caused by chemical imbalances in the brain, bipolar disorder affects the way that an individual feels and acts, often despite the experiences that they are going through in life.
From the above study thus, it can be concluded that the severity of the bipolar disorder depends of the type of the disorder affecting an individual. While the symptoms, diagnosis and the treatments are similar to great extents in case of bipolar I and bipolar II, yet the effects of the type II disorder have proved to be milder.
At one moment they would be in a cheerful or good mood, in the next minute, depression would fall upon them, no matter what the reason. Irritation, Sleeping patterns get disrupted, concentration level falls, feelings of anxiety and worry, eating habits get changed, fall in energy levels is observed and they feel discomfort from their surroundings.
According to National Institute of Mental Health (n.d.), nearly 5.1 American adults suffer from bipolar disorder and every year, approximately 2.6 per cent of the total population of the US aged at least 18 years suffers from bipolar disorder. While some of the patients remain determined and seek medical and therapeutic help, others do not remain so composed and many of them even commit suicide because of the depression caused by bipolar disorder and its other negative impacts on their everyday life.
The paper explores the classification of bipolar and the diagnostic criteria according to DSM V. In addition, it analyzes the different empirically proven therapeutic methods for bipolar disorder. Bipolar Disorder Introduction Bipolar disorder (maniac depressive disorder) is a psychiatric disorder that is accompanied by spontaneous mood swings that can involve outbreaks of depression and others of high mania (Godwin & Jamison, 2007).
However, today we are witnessing a dramatic shift in the definition of these problems and where and how they should be dealt with. Although public understanding of this issue is unfortunately still at an early stage, much has changed over the course of
Mania symptoms are characterized by excessive display of a specific kind of feeling or emotion like excessive excitement, happiness, restlessness, irritability, agility, sex drive, euphoria, poor judgment,
Neuroimaging techniques have somehow proven that the tendency to develop bipolar disorder can be predicted even in childhood. Moreover, bipolar disorder is also suspected as a multi-systemic inflammatory disease that may actually trigger the same pathways as cardiovascular
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