Professor Name ID # Date Ethical Theories Act Utilitarianism Act Utilitarianism is a consequentialist theory for the reason that it conforms ethically right actions, the actions we are forced to perform, are selected by determining the outcomes that those actions are expected to produce…
Additionally, one of the major uncertainties in the Act Utilitarianism is that it appears to be too lenient, able to justifying some crime, and yet making it ethically compulsory, if simply the worth of the particular outcomes of the particular act is great enough. In addition, there is another major uncertainty and that is act-utilitarianism is much better in theory than in practice, as we barely ever have the time as well as the information to forecast the outcomes of an act, review their worth, and formulate judgments through probable alternative acts (Utilitarianism; Utilitarianism2). In case of Jean’s nephew Pierre, Jean has used illegal means to bring a prescription. In this situation, Pierre’s life was in danger and due to un-availability of medicine he can die. According to Act Utilitarianism the act of Jean has created happiness and offered a great deal of relief from pain. According to Act Utilitarianism Jean has performed a rightful and legal action that ultimately saved someone’s life. Rule Utilitarianism Oxford moral philosopher R. M. Hare presented a 2-tiered theory that is known as rule utilitarianism. According to this theory, without doubt happiness is the eventual moral value; the means to go after it can be not direct. In this scenario, a 2 tiered theory would assess categories of events normally similar to as telling the truth, murder, remaining realistic in a wedding, breaking promises, regarding parents, caring for children, punishing the innocent, etc. However, some of the categories of proceedings are assessed rather than individual proceedings, a large number of people need to be measured in such estimated scenario should all in a culture be permissible to cheat? If a wide-ranging moral exclusion besides cheating creates more pleasure, then rule utilitarians would ease the moral rule "Don't Cheat." (LawAndBioEthics; Utilitarianism; Utilitarianism2). In addition, the rule utilitarianism is a quasi rule oriented structure where policies perform a vital role; however the system completely relies on a standard. In this scenario, the fundamental utilitarian principle is utilized, with facts regarding social communication, to derive rules. Additionally, once the systems are prepared, no direct computation of utility is required. Moreover, the law has to be pursued even if the individual measures produce more pain as compared to pleasure (LawAndBioEthics; Utilitarianism; Utilitarianism2). In case of Jean’s nephew Pierre, Jean is performing a wrong deed. In the light of Rule Utilitarianism, Jean is going against her personal code of law. This leads her to guilty of crime for using his job authority for illegal task. On the other hand she also saved the life of Pierre; this situation takes her to another aspect that she has performed a rightful job. Kantiansim Kantiansim is a viewpoint of ethics that is presented by Immanuel Kant. In this theory, Kant supposed that people should take care of as an end as well as never as a simple means to an end. On the other hand, it is immoral to utilize people for our own personal objective since people are important in themselves. In addition, Kantianism is a non consequential theory outlining the act itself is more significant as compared to the results of that act. In fact, Kant’ ...
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“Ethical Theories Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/other/11939-ethical-theories.
Some acts currently accepted in contemporary society were unacceptable decades and even centuries ago. Ethics affect personal and societal perspectives on right and wrong, good and evil. Punishment is a control in human behavior which can either be retributive, deterrent, incapacitating or rehabilitative.
It’s a quantitative and reductionist view of life as related to the greatest happiness for the largest number of people. It came to be associated with the liberty versus harm principle where as a person’s happiness is subject to whatever doesn’t cause harm for most people.
Though his sales records show mediocre performance, many people working under him have set sales records. In addition, he is considered as a hardworking and loyal employee, and as he is nearing retirement, many people think he deserves the promotion. Another candidate was Rachel, 37, an African-American divorcee mother of two children, who is struggling to make her both ends meet.
There are arguments that an organization has no right to interfere in personal affairs (Losey, 1993). This will be dealt with later in the arguments. However, the complaint from the female staff members on sexual harassment is a matter of concern for the organization which affects several stakeholders.
The actions taken should therefore be influenced only by the expected outcomes and the consequences of the outcomes on the success of the business. In scenario one, the power of technological must be emphasised to understand the powers it presents to both the employees and the employers.
Although all the actions taken are considered to be self-interested actions, an egoist promptly demonstrates that people generally try concealing their decisive motives for the actions and such concealment is normally done for their own self-interest.(Kirkpatrick, 2006)
According to Hinman, L. (September, 2004), ethical egoism suggests that we should always act selfishly. It obligates us that what is proper is to act for our selves only and let others do their own. Psychological egoism asserts that we always act selfishly.
the intrinsic duty to do things which are intrinsically good; the outcomes of what one does is significant, although an individual is obligated to always take the correct action even if it results in the wrong outcomes (Rainbow, 2002).
It judges an individual by his/her
It is currently considered being a consequentialism, although when Anscombe initially introduced that word, it was meant to differentiate between consequentialism and "old-fashioned Utilitarianism". Utilitarianism claims that the moral of actions is
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