Name Professor Module Date Research Methods Describe the Steps in the Research Process. Why is the Research Process Useful to Researchers? A research process is a systematic procedure that is characterized by objectivity and gathering of a wide range of information for analysis after which a conclusion is drawn…
An effective research process is characterized by detailed basic steps undertaken with caution to prevent errors that can affect the results. The first step is identifying the research problem. The problem is normally the issue being identified by the researcher or a concept that requires more information or clarification (Blankenship 2). Research problems are normally the common issues that affect the community and form the focus of the whole process. The second step involves the review of literature which enables the researcher to learn more about the problem under investigation. Reviewing documented literature about the problem provides the foundational knowledge that shapes the whole process. Literature review informs the researchers on how the earlier studies related to the research topic were conducted and the conclusions earlier formulated. The knowledge attained through literature review guides the researcher when narrowing down the research topic and clarifying the problem. The third step is clarification of the problem whereby the scope is narrowed down from the broad initial topic. The concepts gained through literature review offer guidance on the relevant topic under focus by addressing the stated problem. After clarification of the problem, the researcher should define the terms and concepts applied when describing the study. This helps in minimizing the confusion that may emanate from the readers of the study. This is because the interpretation differs depending on the person reading the project. Definition of terms and concepts should be followed by the definition of the population or group to be involved in the study. The research question and study purpose determine the population. Defining the population enables the researcher to know the population they are supposed to deal with and the target group. Once the population is identified, the plan for the study is developed. This serves as the framework for the entire study. Data is then collected among the identified population. Data collection involves surveys, questionnaires and observation of literature (Blankenship 2). The stated steps provide data that undergo analysis to answer the research question. Data is analyzed according to the stated instrumentation plan. Analysis involves breaking down the notes into categories of topic themes and making a decision on how these categories relates to the theme. The researcher identifies the loopholes in the research process and repeats the process to look for any missing information. The information is then synthesized through refining the thesis in relation to the earlier information compiled and read in the literature review. The results are reviewed and summarized according to the research questions. This is occasionally followed by communication or presentation of the results. The research should be communicated in the format required by the professor with proper use of citations to avoid plagiarism. Research process enables researchers to inform action. The defined steps also negate any loopholes that may result to errors and eventual distortion of the conclusion drawn. Explain the Advantages and Disadvantages of Adopting the Case-Study Research Design. ADVANTAGES Case study is used to build upon the existing theory, formulate a new theory or challenge an existing theory. This provides the foundation for applying solutions to problems or during the description of a phenomenon. Case study is a ...
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(Research Methods Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
“Research Methods Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/other/12212-research-methods.
The aim of most sociologists is to carry out research that can be utilized to societal policy and benefit. Others principally focus on polishing the theoretic apprehension of social procedures. To enhance this there several research methods used in this field.
Precisely, the study focused on identifying the states in alcohol consumption and the behavior that different categories of drinkers would exhibit and the likely symptoms (physio-psychological) and consequences. The study identified three gradual states in alcohol consumption such as intoxication, tolerance, and dependence while behavioral categories related to alcohol consumption were use, abuse (noxious use), and dependence.
It can do this by masking, i.e., making it appear as though no relationship is present when one actually is, or it can imply there is a relationship when there is not. Therefore, a confounder will be related to both the independent and the outcome variable.
However unless this is qualified by qualitative means (post positivism), the numbers alone can often be misleading. For instance Sales or Productivity figures of a particular time period are of little value unless they are further
The author states that to test the effectiveness of the new drug on morbidly obese individuals he assumes that there is a causal relationship between dispensing the drug and its effectiveness in reducing appetite. To extend the conclusion to the whole population, this experiment must be conducted on a sufficient number of subjects.
Conversely, Qualitative researchers put efforts to evaluate the subjects and objects based on their qualities. “In quantitative research, the emphasis is on collecting data that lead to dependable answers to important
lts and make germane conclusions, researchers require using specific research methods that can be characterized with a great abundance (McNeill & Chapman 2005). It is fair to state that each research approach has its pros and cons that is why for every research problem, the
Qualitative research is a more subjective type of research whereby, a researcher introduces some bias to assist in forming a complete picture. This type of analysis is applicable in situations where a researcher is
Cruel beauty started long before women and men wore corsets in Europe to reduce their waists for aesthetic purposes. It reminded me of the Chinese small feet, where women’s feet were prevented from growth by tying them tightly from the 10th to the 19th
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