Paper 2 1) What are the major assumptions between strain and control theories? How do they differ in their understanding about the nature of man? Both social and control theories are directed towards identifying the reasons that motivate people to commit crime and associate this behavior with conformism, albeit in different and contrasting ways…
The strain theory assumes that all persons aspire for a similar social status and material needs, although the means available to achieve these desires differs from person to person. Institutions like family, educational system, religion and the economy help the individual in attaining success. However, the theory also believes that issues like family status and wealth play a significant role in determining the level of success attained by the individual even in a highly competitive society (Mednick, 2008). The theory thus contends that strain is felt whenever these support factors do not provide equal opportunity thereby prompting people to adopt illegal ways to achieve these means. Such persons are under pressure from the larger society to conform to specific ideals which ultimately forced them to turn into criminals. On the other hand, the control theory believes that such deviations from conformed norms can be resolved through a good family, parenting and education (Adler, 2009). The control theory relies on the ‘push and pull theory’ to explain the reasons behind crime including social deficiencies and psychological pressures that push the individual towards crime and illegal opportunities that can pull the person towards criminal activities. ...
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(“PAPER 2 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
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(PAPER 2 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
“PAPER 2 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/other/19433-paper.
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