Reducing Cost and Overcrowding in Faith-Based Prison Ministries Growing crime rate in America, according to Maginnis (1996), has compelled the government to “build more prisons and keep convicts behind bars longer” but this has resulted in increased incarceration costs paralleled with high recidivism…
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A lot of prisoners remain inside the prison for years because they cannot afford lawyers to pursue the cases or because they leave prisons only to commit more crimes and re-enter the prison thus overcrowding it. Since “prison costs doubled to $24.6 billion over the past decade, and experts foresee substantial increases in the future” (Maginnis), it is important to build faith-based prisons where faith-based programs should be offered to the prisoners. This is not only beneficial for the purification of their souls leading to less recidivism when they leave prison, but is also helpful in reducing costs because faith-based programs tend to save the taxpayers millions of operating cost while ensuring frequent parole. Hence, building faith-based prisons and implementing faith-based rehabilitation programs will reduce costs while reducing overcrowding at the same time since the convicts will most probably be better human beings while leaving the prisons reducing the crime rate and hence reducing overcrowding in prisons. ...
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Prisons in the U.S. suffer from severe problems associated with violence, poor sanitation, over-crowding, sexual assault and drugs. It has been stated by several persons over many years that imprisonment is ineffective and expensive, yet it continues to be a main feature of penal policy of the justice system.
The capacity of the jails, though apparently seem to be the most legitimate reason to justify the prison overcrowding, however many other factors are also involved. One justification which is often posed by many is that prison overcrowding occurs when the intake of prisoners in the jails exceed the rate by which other prisoners die or are discharged out of the jail.
Prior to Fidel Castro’s rise conditions in Cuba were very terrible marred with poverty, high unemployment rates, sugar dependent economy, and high volume of corruption. According to Eldridge, during those days, the United States had a huge influence on Cuba due to the Teller and Platt Amendment initiated prior to Spanish American War of 1898 making U.S to control 75% of sugar and oil refineries (Web).
According to the modern criminal systems was set up by the King Henry II between 1154 and 1189 with the establishment of 12 local knights to settle disputes over the ownership of land. The system later evolved with the established of the Magistrates’ court during the reign of Edward I, and the abolishment of the nearly 300-year-old assize courts in 1830.
As the offences and punishments are on the increase from year to year, the authorities have to allocate more funds to meet the increased expenses and mounting problems of prisoners. Prisons in the present day face a number of problems of which overcrowding has become a serious issue.
Under such circumstances, the prison services usually lack the capacity to provide the basic needs of the inmates. Sanitary facilities are inadequate and pose a threat to the health of the prisoners. More over, lack of such important facilities undermines human dignity among the inmates.
A number various alarming issues are emerging as warned by policymakers and scholars, due to this undesirable trend, such as the administrative chaos, unprecedented violence and health issues. Consequently, corresponding emergency measures have been taken, to cater these issues.
The core motivating principle of the juvenile system is rehabilitation. This is because juveniles are not fully mentally or physically developed; they cannot be accountable for their actions in the same way as adults. Additionally, many juvenile offenders