Anxiety Disorders In the development and research of mental disorders, psychologist have looked for ways in order to group disorders together based on similarities in order to create better diagnoses as well as better treatments. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) is the fourth edition of the diagnostic manual that is put out by the American Psychological Association which is meant to be used by psychologists as a desk reference in the diagnosis and treatment of clients…
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OCD is characterized by repetitive obsessions with a particular kind of phenomenon. One of the aspects of this disorder is through the use of rituals. For example, someone who is OCD about bacteria might was their hands an obsessive amount of times in order to make sure they have gotten rid of the bacteria. It is the fourth most commonly diagnosed psychological disorder. There is strong evidence to support that this condition not only has environmental and behavioral triggers, but also that there is a biological component involved in the neurochemistry of behavior. The most common forms of treatment for this disorder is through the use of behavioral therapy in which a therapist tries to make the ritualistic behavior, obsessions and compulsions extinct through classical and operant conditioning. Also, in some cases psychopharmacology is used in order to help supplement the counseling therapy. PTSD is a condition which often is the result of some sort of traumatic incident in a person’s life. This can range anywhere from military combat to sexual abuse. ...
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Post-traumatic stress disorder is an anxiety disorder that can be triggered after someone has experienced a psychologically traumatic event. A traumatic event that can spark post-traumatic stress disorder is often a life-threatening situation that an individual is personally involved in, such as feeling threatened, or else involves death, physical, psychological, or sexual virtues.
On the other hand, when this anxiety reaches more than normal levels or extreme levels based on the severity of the situations (for example: War-like situations), individuals will enter the state of helplessness and uncertainty, leading to accumulation of stress.
Moreover, the disorder is perceived to be higher in females. In this article, the researchers try to compare if a kind of cognitive behavioural therapy is better than a supportive intervention to treat PTSD among female military personnel. The researchers share that attention was focused on PTSD after several unfortunate events such as the September 11 attack, Iraq war and Hurricane Katrina.
PTSD is related to life-altering or life-threatening situations such as battlefield conditions in war, rape, assault, and other emergency situations where an individual or people closely related to an individual suffer tragic violence and the threat of death.
It is one of the fundamental beliefs of the discipline of psychiatry that traumatic events can give way to mental disorders. These disorders have been known by varied names since times immemorial until in 1980 they were formally come to be known as Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) (Gill, 2007, p.
The onset of PTSD comes as a result of the human brain attempting to protect the individual against the intensity of the traumatic incident. It is a normal function of the brain to react in a way that promotes coping in the individual, and each person is unique in how their brain responds.
This is a description of the outstanding features of OCD; anxiety causes behaviors in an attempt to banish the anxiety, obsession with performing these behaviors forms, attempts to suppress the behavior leads to compulsive resistance-and-action behavior, which in turn leads to a struggle to resist the compulsion, and increases anxiety.
It is not necessary that every person with such emotional and physical background will develop PTSD. It varies from individual to individual and depends mainly on the duration and intensity of the event. The main issues are how the first responders of PTSD reacts after any stressful event and how can the victims of PTSD be managed through coping mechanisms and by applying one of the widely practiced method known as Critical Incident Stress Debriefing.
107). There are many traumatic experiences that fall outside the ambit of what could be described as the normal human experience. PTSD is usually diagnosed in the survivors of such traumatic events. Such traumas may be of personal nature like rape or
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) classifies OCD under anxiety disorders. Factors included in the differential diagnosis of OCD are depressive ruminations, generalized
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