INTERNATIONAL RELATION Your name …………………. College/ …………. Answer to question 1 Out of the major three international relation theories namely Realism, Liberalism and Radicalism, Liberalism seems to present best understandings of the international relations, because, it maintains faith in human development and it believes that democracy leads to peaceful relations…
Realism and Radicalism seem to provide relatively less effective framework for a better understanding of international systems, because Realism perceives role of selfishness and self interested to dominate on others. As far as Radicalism or Marxism is concerned, it also keeps almost same view that people are motivated by self-interest. Answer to question- 2 Domestic factors like goals and objectives, national interest and priorities, societal influence etc play significant roles in the implementation of the foreign policy. The objective of the foreign policy can be perceived to be a future vision. Who get involved in the foreign policy and analyzing societal influences on it are also highly important factors in determining the foreign policy. Similarly, structure of the government, mainly in relation to finding whether it maintains openness, how are the people in that country and how are the prevailing political and strategic culture also determine the foreign policy (Russett, Starr, and Kinsella 2009). Answer to question-3 Nationalism is psychological, cultural and social forces that influence the formation of a nation. ...
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It achieves this by enforcing disproportionate specialisation on the periphery, pushing it towards ‘extraversion’ or export and ‘monetarisation’ or cash crops (Halevy 1981, 67). This manipulation of the customary livelihood or mode of production results in the expulsion of a portion of the population from the territory, forcing them towards hard or manual labour but without providing jobs for them.
Conflicts are very common between individuals, groups, regions and nations. When it comes to world level, especially between nations, conflicts can be resolved by use of threat through compellence and deterrence, conquest, forcible submission etc and through diplomacy, negotiated compromise, third-party mediation or arbitration and adjudication etc.
d). Many people have the false belief that peace is completely related to war. In their opinion, peace can be said to be established in this world, if no wars were there. Such beliefs are not entirely correct. Stopping of war is only one way of establishing peace.
Perpetual peace hasn’t been a speculative utopian idea, but a moral principle that Immanuel Kant thought to make it realized to bring perpetual peace between nations. His work begins with a notice of signboard placed in a graveyard ‘perpetual peace’ (Myers, 1999, p.
European Union, the largest Trade Bloc to date, is an economic cooperation and policy coordination among 27 European countries, designed to enable the free exchanges of goods, services, capital and labor. The EU has widened its membership and provided stronger framework for economic, monetary and political union integration.
The realist aspect of this phenomenon is argued in ‘Hegemonic Stability Theory’ by Keohane (Keohane, R. O., & Nye, J. S., 2001), proposing that the international system is stronger if a benign dominant power exists. Decline (and death of the system) may occur when the hegemon no longer has a vested interest in this role (realism), or the system may continue to exist in a different form without the hegemon.
Feminism and International Relations.
Feminism seeks to champion ideologies that result in gender equality and involvement in areas such economic empowernment and political processes. Feminists face various challenges regarding the international relations such as exclusion of women as political actors, under representation and gendered character of political institutions processes.
nt’s article thus has promoted a unique cosmopolitan approach to developing an international law that all individuals possess equal rights regardless of the country they belong to. His work put forward specific three articles about perpetual peace among nations, they are, a)
ling General Lon Nol, shrank into the security of Phnompenh, the capital, as American aircraft bombed the Vietnamese communists and the Khmer Rouge” (p.55). It was a total submission of the nation’s sovereignty to a foreign force. The most important thing that has to be
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