Descriptive Research method This is a scientific research technique where a subject’s behavior is observed and described without manipulating it in any way (Shuttleworth, 2008). An example of this would be an anthropologist who would study a unique cultured tribe without disturbing their normal behavior in any way or a market researcher studying the uninterrupted consumer behavior at a particular store anonymously. Descriptive method is accepted for researching explicit subjects and often acts as an originator to more quantitative studies. There are however some valid issues relating to the statistical validity (as no variables are influenced the results questionable and can be interpreted differently). With awareness of these limitations this type of research is an instrumental scientific tool which is desirable to performing no research at all. Historical Research It is “a procedure supplementary to observation in which the researcher seeks to test the authenticity of the reports or observations made by others”. (James, 1997). In other words historical research examines past events or blends of events to arrive at an explanation of what has occurred in the past. This method involves secondary information sources and therefore relies heavily on their validity and credibility.
The aim of most sociologists is to carry out research that can be utilized to societal policy and benefit. Others principally focus on polishing the theoretic apprehension of social procedures. To enhance this there several research methods used in this field.
Precisely, the study focused on identifying the states in alcohol consumption and the behavior that different categories of drinkers would exhibit and the likely symptoms (physio-psychological) and consequences. The study identified three gradual states in alcohol consumption such as intoxication, tolerance, and dependence while behavioral categories related to alcohol consumption were use, abuse (noxious use), and dependence.
It can do this by masking, i.e., making it appear as though no relationship is present when one actually is, or it can imply there is a relationship when there is not. Therefore, a confounder will be related to both the independent and the outcome variable.
However unless this is qualified by qualitative means (post positivism), the numbers alone can often be misleading. For instance Sales or Productivity figures of a particular time period are of little value unless they are further
The author states that to test the effectiveness of the new drug on morbidly obese individuals he assumes that there is a causal relationship between dispensing the drug and its effectiveness in reducing appetite. To extend the conclusion to the whole population, this experiment must be conducted on a sufficient number of subjects.
Conversely, Qualitative researchers put efforts to evaluate the subjects and objects based on their qualities. “In quantitative research, the emphasis is on collecting data that lead to dependable answers to important
lts and make germane conclusions, researchers require using specific research methods that can be characterized with a great abundance (McNeill & Chapman 2005). It is fair to state that each research approach has its pros and cons that is why for every research problem, the
Qualitative research is a more subjective type of research whereby, a researcher introduces some bias to assist in forming a complete picture. This type of analysis is applicable in situations where a researcher is
Cruel beauty started long before women and men wore corsets in Europe to reduce their waists for aesthetic purposes. It reminded me of the Chinese small feet, where women’s feet were prevented from growth by tying them tightly from the 10th to the 19th
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Research Methods Research has essentially become the driving force of knowledge creation for humankind as a whole. The definition “any gathering of data, information and facts for the advancement of knowledge” (Shuttleworth, 2008) manages to efficiently sum its entire essence…