An individual in prison does not lose the right to have rights. A prison remains a member of the human family” (Mandery, 167). Thesis: The capital punishment is unconstitutional since it is a violation of the right to life and has not been proven as an effective deterrent of crimes. II. Arguments/Discussions According to Justice Stewart, “death penalty sentences are cruel in the sense that they excessively go beyond, not in degree, but in kind, the punishment that the legislatures have determined to be necessary. It is equally clear that these sentences are unusual in the sense that penalty of death is infrequently imposed for murder, and that its imposition on rape for rape is extraordinarily rare. The infliction of death penalty is impermissible in all circumstances under the Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments” (Mandery, 172). On the other hand, the report of Even Mandery stated that Justice White addresses the constitutionality of the capital punishment under the three (3) issues: 1. “The legislature authorizes the imposition of death penalty for murder or rape; 2. 2. The legislature does not itself mandate the penalty in any particular class or kind of case, but delegates to judges or juries the decisions as to those cases, if any in which the penalty will be utilized; and Judges and juries have ordered the death penalty with such infrequency that the odds are now very much against imposition and execution of the penalty with respect to any convicted murderer or rapist. Thus, it must
be considered whether its execution is in violation of the Eighth Amendment” (173).
Capital punishment is unconstitutional and has not been proven as an effective means to deter crimes. It is imposed discriminatorily against certain identifiable classes of people. Evidence has shown that innocent people have been executed before their innocence or guilt has been proven. It has not been established as an efficient deterrent of crime. Mandery reported that “The United Nations Committee study shows that there is no correlation between the existence of capital punishment and lower rates of capital crime”(176). It is violative of the Eighth Amendment on the ground that it is not needed to achieve legitimate penal sanctions. It is a transgression of the Bill of Rights to guard the people against cruel and inhuman punishments.
“Death penalty wreaks havoc our entire criminal justice system and violates one’s right to life. It shocks the conscience and sense of justice of society” (Mandery, 178).