Name of of Professor Title of Descartes’ Quest for Truth and Certainty Descartes’ goal as a philosopher is to do a total reconstruction of human knowledge, through the use of doubt methodologically in order to arrive at true knowledge with absolute certainty (Lavine 95)…
Thus, he began to doubt his beliefs on sense perception, material objects and physical sciences, for these all depend on our senses, which are by nature, deceptive. Furthermore, he doubted mathematics, for the reason that there perhaps may be an evil deceiver that deceives him to fall into error. Herein, Descartes uses this evil deceiver in attaining his permanent truth. I quote: “Even though there may be a deceiver of some sort… who bends all his efforts to keep me perpetually deceived, there can be no slightest doubt that I exist, since he deceives me; and let him deceive me as much as he will, he can never make me be nothing as long as I think that I am something” (Descartes 82). This is Descartes absolute and certain truth. For, inasmuch as he would doubt all the beliefs he has ever had, there is one thing, which he cannot doubt, i.e. that he exists. For to claim that he cannot tell the difference between a dream and reality, or to claim that an evil deceiver deceives him to fall into error, is not possible without him existing. In order for doubting to take place, a doubter must exist. In order for Descartes to be deceived to fall into error, he must exist. Therefore, Descartes arrives at his foundational truth: “I exist.” Works Cited Descartes, R., 1960. ...
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(“Philosophy 101 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words - 1”, n.d.)
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(Philosophy 101 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words - 1)
“Philosophy 101 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words - 1”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/other/31030-philosophy.
How does a person know whether the knowledge that he or she claims to have is reliable? Skepticism “is the name for the philosophic position of doubt concerning the reliability of knowledge” (Lavine 1984, 95). Descartes’ goal is to conduct a total reconstruction of human knowledge, based on the methods and principles of mathematics.
This phrase signifies a denial of predetermined essences in all human beings. Sartre, in his Existentialism is a Humanism, justifies the aforesaid phrase by arguing that humans are thrown into the world without meaning and subsequently fashion their essences accordingly through their volitions.
Epicurus says that “philosophy” means “the seeking of wisdom”. And he argues that studying philosophy is “to care for the well-being of the soul” and both young and old can do anything for their wellbeing. He also says that since both young and old can seek wisdom and since everyone is either young or old, everyone is capable of seeking wisdom.
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Indeed the universality of seeking wisdom evolves from this assumption of Epicurus. By reasoning inductively, he says that since both the young and the old can seek wisdom and since everyone is either young or old, everyone is capable