The Irish Republican Army: History Name: Institution: Abstract. The Irish Republican Army was born as a reaction to repressive policies of Great Britain. The abysmal poverty and exploitation of the Irish Catholics by the Protestants, and the partition of Ireland into Northern Ireland and The Irish Republic, led to the IRA’s bid to achieve independence for a united Ireland through violent methods…
Great Britain, under Oliver Cromwell, established overlordship of Ireland in the seventeenth century. While Scottish and English Protestants formed a majority in the North, the South remained predominantly Catholic. The widening economic disparity between the industrialized North, and the agricultural South (where the Protestants remained exploitative, absentee landowners), led to the abysmal poverty of the Irish Catholics, and to their alienation. The overwhelming majority of Irish representatives to Parliament remained Anglican landowners. Repressive laws of the 17th and 18th centuries prohibited Irish Catholics from owning or leasing land, and denied them political rights and education. An Irish revolt in 1798 was brutally suppressed by Great Britain, resulting in the Great Hunger of 1845 – 1852, in which more than a million people starved and millions more emigrated. The ruthless reaction of the British Government was largely responsible for this. The Protestants and the Catholics separated into two warring camps and a long period of agitation and violence commenced. (Kuznicki, Willett, Griffin, Manley and Matten, nd.). ...
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A brief overview into the timeline of Northern Ireland reveals a past riddled with violence and terror acts over the last century. The situation in Northern Ireland is particularly confounding since Northern Ireland has gone through a similar political dispensation like Wales and Scotland yet these have not experienced similar terrorism in modern times (Rubin and Rubin 60-61).
Both the organizations have no hesitation in attacking or bombing civilian targets. However, there are many structural, functional, and ideological differences between Al Qaeda and Irish Republican Army or IRA. Al Qaeda has thousands of militants and has many different committees to coordinate its functions.
Irish Republican Army, formed under the Irish Volunteers, an organization formed by Irish nationalists in 1913, which stated its major concern was, "to secure and maintain the rights and liberties common to the whole people of Ireland" (Books LLC, 2010), aimed to gain a separate homeland for the Irish people, under their own governance.
For many years, a majority of people on this island had been campaigning for the Island’s self-rule, with little interference from the British government. However, a section of minority unionists from the northern part of the island were opposed to this proposed partition and fervently campaigned against it.
The essay continues to unfold the different kinds of terrorism that exist, that is; international, religious, and state terrorism, giving the differences and similarities that exist between them. The researcher also goes deeper to give the different groups that are classified in each kind such as Al-Qaeda and many more others.
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As such, the paper seeks to determine the actors, what they sought to do, what transpired, what they did, to who were their actions directed towards, where they undertook their actions, why the place they conducted their
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